ZIL, Shukhov Tower and Khlebozavod: Discover Moscow speaks about monuments of constructivism

November 18
Tourism and travels

The Discover Moscow city tourist portal created a selection of the capital landmarks in the style of constructivism. It is the second story in the Architectural Styles of Moscow series. The presented works of Soviet architects were created at the turn of the 1920s-1930s and have striking features: despite the monolithic character, the buildings look lightweight due to the strict geometry of forms. The site visitors can see photos of the capital's buildings in the constructivism style, as well as read information about them.

ZIL Cultural Center

The Likhachev Plant Palace of Culture had a library, cinema hall and observatory.  Today, the ZIL Cultural Centre is located here.

According to architects Vesnin brothers’ idea, the complex was supposed to consist of several buildings, but a separate building for a theater was never erected. The building has an open space design with support pillars instead of walls, ribbon windows and a flat roof. There is the observatory, still open for visitors, with a sliding metal dome on it.

Shukhov Tower

The Shukhov Tower is one of the most famous architectural examples of constructivism. According to a legend, engineer Vladimir Shukhov designed an unusual construction of the broadcasting tower to be like a wastepaper basket. Once the structure withstood a collision with a small mail plane and was not damaged. Access to the tower is restricted now, but it can be viewed from Shukhov Street.

Photo by Maxim Denisov, Mos.ru

Building of the People 's Commissariat of Finance (Narkomfin Building)

The Narkomfin Building was conceived as a residence of the transitional type: from the old principle of settlement to a joint living. The building was erected in 1928-1930 by architects Moses Ginzburg and Ignatius Milinis. The building was designed in such a way that its residents felt commonality and spent all their free time on the territory of the complex: they had lunch, had their rest and raised children together. Meanwhile, the apartments were designed to be emphatically small, so that tenants would not have a reason to lead bourgeois lifestyle. This is what ultimately led to the fact that the building lost its popularity. Now you can visit it on an excursion.

Konstantin Melnikov's house-workshop

Architect Konstantin Melnikov designed this building to have the family living space harmoniously combined with the workshop. The result was two cylinders built into each other with numerous hexagonal windows. The ground floor houses a kitchen, the first floor — a living room, and the last floor — a workshop with a terrace. Since 2014, the building operates as a museum: you can see Konstantin Melnikov's innovative solutions from the inside in an excursions (by appointment).

Photo by Maxim Denisov, Mos.ru

Khlebozavod (Bread making factory)

The main building of the art cluster, located in the territory of a former industrial enterprise, is a unique construction of the avant-garde era, the so-called bread making automated factory. Engineer Georgy Marsakov developed it in the 1920s. The main feature of the design was the ring conveyor that optimized the bread making process. It is the conveyor that makes the building cylindrically shaped. Georgy Marsakov created six similar facilities in Moscow, but only one of them got its second life in the new century.

Photo by Yulia Ivanko, Mos.ru

Khlebozavod (Bread making factory)

The main building of the art cluster, located in the territory of a former industrial enterprise, is a unique construction of the avant-garde era, the so-called bread making automated factory. Engineer Georgy Marsakov developed it in the 1920s. The main feature of the design was the ring conveyor that optimized the bread making process. It is the conveyor that makes the building cylindrically shaped. Georgy Marsakov created six similar facilities in Moscow, but only one of them got its second life in the new century.

Photo by Maxim Denisov, Mos.ru

Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center

This building was created as a garage and was part of the architectural complex of the Bakhmetyevsky bus fleet. In 1926, architect Konstantin Melnikov made a special experiment with 30 trucks and buses to create an ideal traffic pattern inside the building.

Administrative offices and motor vehicle repair shops were also located under the same roof. All the four facades turned out to be different. The most famous is the front facade with seven entrance gates facing Obraztsova Street, now it is the entrance to the Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center.

Photo by Yevgeny Samarin, Mos.ru

Source: mos.ru

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