Where Baroque and classicism meet: restoration of the Panteleev’s house facade completed

November 8
Culture

The original appearance of the 19th century manor building facade at 56, Zemlyanoy Val Street, building 3, was restored. It is also known as the Panteleev’s house (by the name of the owner) or the Duvanov’s house (by the name of the architect). The building has the status of an identified site of cultural heritage and combines the rigor of classicism forms and exquisite Baroque decorations. The restoration is carried out under supervision of Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage (Mosgornaslediye) specialists.

"We are pleased to announce that an important stage of the comprehensive restoration of the Panteleev’s house facade in Zemlyanoy Val Street is completed — restorers put in order elegant facades of the historic building. Scaffolding is already dismantled, which means that city residents can admire the result of painstaking work. Specialists paid particular attention to the restoration and reconstruction of the lost stucco decoration. Masters used preserved analogues and archival photographs as reference," said Alexey Yemelyanov, Head of Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage.

The facade features bright and unusual decoration. Its protruding part (avant-corps) is decorated with pilasters and floral ornaments. The avant-corps is crowned by a small triangular pediment with a cartouche (a decorative element in the form of unrolled scroll of paper), and sculptures of putti — little boys (or cupids).

Press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

Cupids, as well as eagles with open wings decorate the semicircular window frame linings of three central windows on the first floor. In addition, the facade contains a lot of mascarons with faces of women and satyrs. Mascarons are decorative relief elements shaped as a head of man (woman), animal or mythical creature.

One of the windows is framed by two stylized antique female statues. The first symbolizes the art (with a sculptural bust in her hand), and the second — wealth and prosperity (with a cornucopia in her hand). Both refer to the personality of Philip Panteleev, who was the owner of the house and sculpture workshop.

Press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

As Alexey Yemelyanov noted, the landmark building was restored to its original appearance of the second half of the 19th century. The study revealed the true shade of the house walls — soft peach, that was returned in the course of works.

The facades restoration included repairing brickwork. Specialists put in order the basement, windows, doors and roof. The stucco was restored in the workshop, since the plaster layer was in poor condition, and the wooden frame of the first floor needed serious restoration work. The archival materials helped recreate two female statues, an inter-floor cornice, and pediment with a cupid figurine. The roof was replaced and the basement of the house was restored.

Press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

Creator of the magnificent stucco

The classical style mansion was built in 1843-1845 by an unknown architect. The house’s lower part was built of brick and the upper part was wooden, and the facades were covered with plaster. For a long time, the manor was owned by philanthropist, industrialist and representative of the merchant dynasty Gerasim Khludov.

The building acquired its bright appearance in the late 19th century. Then it was owned by Philip Panteleev, a rich peasant from the Vladimir province. He decided to rebuild the mansion. Architect Konstantin Duvanov was engaged in the project of major repairs. Panteleev was the owner of a sculpture workshop located in the manor. All the Baroque stucco for the house was made there.

In the house itself, the owner arranged three apartments. Rooms on the ground floor and mezzanines were rented out. The owner lived on the first floor.

Press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

What else needs to be done

Restoration began in January 2020. It is assumed that the entire package of works will be completed in 2022. Now specialists are working on interiors. They restore stoves, the grand staircase, stucco, oak parquet in the front rooms of the third floor.

The house interior features rich and variable stucco decoration. Rooms of the ground floor are decorated with wide floral ornamented ceiling cornices. The bas-reliefs on the ceilings of the first floor rooms depict various flowers and plants, birds, as well as cupids. One of the rooms, supposedly used as a musical living room, contains images of musical instruments in the ceiling decor — trumpets, violins and mandolins.

Preserved fragments of the elegant mosaic floor were found in the lobby on the ground floor.

The mosaic with a geometric pattern is laid out of marble pieces in three colors. The mosaic survived in a relatively good condition to this day. The floor is also awaiting restoration work.

The current restoration is the first in the building’s history. After the revolution, it housed the Office of the Moscow Government Engineer, and then various institutions. Besides, a hotel was located in the mansion for some time. The manor outbuildings of the 19th - early 20th century did not survive.

All works are carried out in accordance with the project approved by Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage. The project also provides for adapting the landmark building to modern needs. A hotel will be opened in the house.

Restoration of historical buildings is an important part of the improvement of the urban environment. Many cultural heritage sites gain renewed life, they are being adapted for modern use, while preserving the appearance of Moscow. Since 2011, more than 1,600 cultural heritage sites were restored in the capital.

Source: mos.ru

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