Two monuments to Peter I will be repaired in Moscow

July 5
Culture

Two monuments to the first Russian emperor Peter the Great will be repaired in Moscow. Both monuments were installed at the commemoration of the Russian fleet’s 300th anniversary, which took place in 1996.

One of them is located on the spit of the Moskva River and the Vodootvodny Canal on an artificial island (Bersenevskaya embankment, building 6). The total height of the monument is 98 meters. This is one of the tallest monuments not only in Moscow, but also in Russia. Another monument to Peter the Great is located on Izmailovsky Island in the center of Serebryano-Vinogradny Pond (the territory of the Izmailovo Museum-Reserve). The total height of this sculptural composition is four meters.

“We have planned a comprehensive repair of the monuments to the outstanding Russian emperor-reformer Peter I. At the moment, specialists are finishing the development of projects for future repairs. However, we can already say that the craftsmen have to cleanse the monuments from corrosion, eliminate defects (chips and cracks) and restore the lost architectural elements. Then the surfaces of the monuments will be treated with special compounds which will protect them from the effects of precipitation and pollution,” the head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov said.

In order to prepare the scientific and design documents necessary for the repair, specialists studied the features of the monuments, conducted bibliographic and historical-archival research. Repair of the monuments is planned for 2022–2023.

Фото Ю. Иванко. Mos.ru

The monument to Peter I on the Bersenevskaya Embankment is called "In commemoration of the Russian fleet 300th anniversary." This is a large-scale work of the sculptor Zurab Tsereteli. The 98-meter-high monument consists of several parts: pedestal, ship and the figure of Peter the Great. At the base of the monument, there are eight pillars that go into the foundation to a depth of five meters. The emperor and the ship are made of stainless steel and in places are lined with bronze, and the crosses of St. Andrew's flags and the scroll in the hands of Peter I are covered with gold leaf. The total weight of the monument is two thousand tons. For its construction and installation, a part of the Krymskaya Embankment was dismantled and a temporary embankment was made, along which machinery drove. The opening of the monument took place in 1997, when the 850th anniversary of Moscow was celebrated.

The monument to Peter I in Izmailovo was opened at the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet in 1998 at the request of a group of sailors. The monument is a full-length bronze sculpture of the emperor, which stands on a granite column. Peter I is portrayed in a simple caftan, the sleeves of which are turned up. On the feet of the emperor are huge boots. The left foot rests on a skein of the ship's rope. The right hand rests on the anchor, and the left hand points forward. The sketch of the monument was made by the sculptor Lev Kerbel, and the architectural project was created by the architect Georgy Lebedev. The place for the monument installation was not chosen by chance. The former village of Izmailovo is the fiefdom of the father of Peter I, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. Here the future emperor spent a lot of time, in Izmailovo, Peter found and repaired the boat "St. Nicholas", which later became known as the grandfather of the Russian fleet.

Monuments in the capital city are regularly put in order - in the spring, for example, all monuments are washed. They are repaired if necessary. In the coming years, it is planned to renovate the monuments to the statesman Pyotr Stolypin, composer and conductor Alexander Alexandrov, aircraft designer Alexander Yakovlev, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin and other public figures.

Source: mos.ru

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