Three railway stations and “a man in a jacket”: Moscow Main Archive about the history of Kalanchevskaya Street

August 21

Kalanchevskaya Street is located in the north-east of the Garden Ring. This district was shaping for three centuries. The place is associated with famous people, including Mikhail Lermontov, Alexey Savrasov, Gleb and Nikolai Uspensky. The Moscow Main Archive keeps documents about the history of Kalanchevskaya Street.

From Kalanchevsky field to Komsomolskaya Square

Once this place was a field. A wooden palace was built here in the 17th century by order of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. The palace had a watchtower — “kalancha” in Tatar. It was the watchtower that gave the name to the field and then to the palace, and to the street, square. and lane thereafter.

Wood trading and railway construction played a significant role in the history of the pre-revolutionary Kalanchevskaya Street. Drawings of late 18th century show that the area around the Olkhovets stream was occupied by plenty of small shops, behind which logs and boards were stacked. This section of the street was called “From the Woods Row to the Red Gate”, and the shops and the wood burned down in the fire of 1812.

After the 1812 war, the woods row was restored, but not for long — since the middle of the 19th century Kalanchevskaya Street was changing to become an important railway junction. This was facilitated by the construction of the St. Petersburg railway station in 1851 - the first in Moscow. Now it is the Leningrad railway station.

Small Yaroslavl railway station was built at Kalanchevskaya Square in 1862, and a larger building was erected in 1907. The Ryazan railway station (now Kazan railway station) was opened in 1864. In Soviet times the square was renamed Komsomolskaya Square to commemorate Komsomol members who built the first stage of the Moscow metro.

Those who lived at Kalanchevskaya Street

Kalanchevskaya Street is associated with many famous people. For example, the house where Mikhail Lermontov was born is situated here. There is a monument to the writer on the opposite side, in the Lermontov Square — it is this monument that the Cross-eyed from the “Gentlemen of Fortune” movie named “a man in a jacket”.

House No.11 down Kalanchevskaya Street was the Petersburg Hotel in the 1880s and 1890s. Writer Gleb Uspensky, who at that time collaborated with the literary magazine Otechestvennye Zapiski, stayed there more than once. And the Bolshevik newspaper Iskra wrote that Gleb Uspensky “had much more influence on the course of our revolutionary movement than any legal writer of the 70s and 80s”.

Gleb Uspensky’s cousin Nikolai, a writer too, liked to stay in the writer Ivan Kondratiev’s house at Kalanchevskaya Street. Artist Alexey Savrasov often visited here. He decorated the walls of Ivan Kondratiev's apartment with charcoal sketches and drawings.


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