The Tretyakov Gallery opens after the Great Patriotic War

June 3

After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the Tretyakov Gallery was opened in May 1945. About 2,500 works of art were placed in 52 renovated halls. Of these, more than 600 exhibits were acquired during the war. Documents about the events of those days are preserved in Moscow Glavarchiv.

The museum staff drew up a new exhibition plan especially for the opening of the gallery. The tour of the exhibition began with the monuments of Ancient and Medieval Russia. These were works of the 11–12 centuries: fragments of the mosaic of the Kiev St. Michael’s Monastery and the icon of the Vladimir Mother of God. An entire hall was devoted to the work of the Russian icon painter Andrei Rublev. In other halls, works by masters of the 18th century were exhibited: sculptures by Fedot Shubin, paintings by Karl Bryullov, Alexander Ivanov, Ilya Repin, Vasily Surikov.

The Tretyakov Gallery also worked during the war. The museum staff was engaged in the preservation of relics. In July 1941, paintings and sculptures were evacuated to the uncompleted Opera House in Novosibirsk.

Despite the martial law, the Novosibirsk branch held four exhibitions, which were visited by more than 20 thousand people. The gallery employees gave lectures, 110 of them were held in hospitals and military units. Research work was also carried out. Even seminars and political classes were held during the war years.


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