The house of two epochs: the facades of the Kireevsky chambers are restored

September 20
Construction and renovation

In the center of the capital, restoration of the unique brick building facades has been completed. We are talking about a former residential building of the XVII-XIX centuries located at the address: Ostozhenka Street, 19, building 2. The house has two floors and premises in the basement. It is also called the Kireevsky Palaty. This name has developed historically, but the a contradiction is hidden in it. The famous folklorist of the XIX century, Pyotr Kireevsky, never lived in the palaty. In his time, the building was considered a mansion. The palaty of the XVII century were discovered by scientists-restorers in our time at the base of this house. That is, in fact, it consists of two parts belonging to different historical periods. 

Over its centuries-old history, the house has been rebuilt several times. It is assumed that the palaty were built at the end of the XVII century for the princely family of Lobanovs-Rostovskys. Their representatives were patrons of the arts. They helped the women's Zachatievsky monastery, located next to their manor house.

At first, the wards were one-story with a semi-basement socle floor. At the beginning of the XIX century, another floor was erected, and an extension appeared on the north-western side. In the 1830s, a famous Slavophile, Pyotr Kireevsky (1808-1856), a collector of Russian folklore, publicist and archaeographer, lived and worked in the house. It is believed that Alexander Pushkin, Nikolai Gogol and Vladimir Dal visited him, and he sold the house in order to publish a collection of folk tales for money made from it.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the house was rented out as a residential one. The semi-basement housed a kitchen, a refectory, a janitor's closet and a laundry room. In Soviet times, there were apartments in the building. Because of the dilapidation, the dwellers of the house were settled apart. In the 1980s, it was going to be restored, but these plans were never implemented. For many years, the mansion was empty, survived several fires and began to collapse gradually. As a result, it came to an emergency state.

To prevent further destruction, from 2013 to 2015, specialists carried out anti-damage work. The next stage of the house revival was a comprehensive restoration, which began in 2018.

Press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

"This building is valuable because it has preserved traces of two eras - the XVII and XIX centuries. Before the restoration, the specialists studied archival materials, photographs and documents for a long time and painstakingly. Now an important stage has been completed - the restoration of the building facades. Initially, the restorers made up for the lost elements of the brickwork and the arches of the cocle floor. Then we started working with the facade decoration, " Alexey Yemelyanov, Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage, said.

So, on the walls of the former palaty, that is, the ground and first floors, it was possible to recreate the cornice of the XVII century, as well as to open the window openings filled in during the reconstruction. Window outside architraves were made according to historical analogues - architraves on the buildings of the Moscow palaty of the XVII century. Among them are the Miloslavskys palaty in the Armyansky Lane, the Averkiy Kirillov palaty on the Bersenevskaya Embankment, the brethren's cells of the Znamensky Monastery on Varvarka.The facades at the level of the basement and the ground floor were covered with a white coating (a mixture based on lime mortar). A plaster layer was applied to the walls of the first floor, and then they were painted yellow.

Alexey Yemelyanov noted that the complex restoration of the building is planned to be completed by the end of 2022. Specialists will continue to restore the roof, as well as the interiors of the mansion.

The former residential building of the XVII-XIX centuries on Ostozhenka is under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church. Previously, it was the administrative building of the now restored Zachatievsky Monastery. The house is the cultural heritage site of federal significance. This means that all restoration work is carried out under the supervision of the Department of Cultural Heritage of the city and according to the project agreed by the department.

Source: mos.ru

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