The city’s relocation programme is offering buildings with many improvements

May 26
Construction and renovation

The old buildings in the relocation programme are dilapidated and outdated; nobody  don’t build them like this anymore. It’s impossible to tear down one of the old buildings and put one up just like it.

In the decades that have passed since the old five-storey buildings were built, construction standards have changed, new materials have been created and Muscovites expect more in their housing and infrastructure. Along with new buildings, people in the relocation programme will receive a renovated and people-friendly urban environment.

Arched windows and balconies with tinted glass

The buildings under the relocation programme have been designed individually. Design details make every building distinct in its own way. For example, one on Baumanskaya Street will have arched window openings. The facades of the one on Angarskaya Street will have graduating colours: as the building reaches higher the walls get lighter in colour. The balconies of the building in the Losinoostrovsky District will have tinted glass.

The building where Yulia Sedykh and her husband and their little daughter moved, has balconies with panoramic windows.

“It’s such a beautiful balcony that we even started growing flowers. We wanted to decorate it even more. Before, our balcony didn’t have windows, so it was scary to go out there. I like this one better,” she says.

Ventilated facades can give the building individuality and can add bright accents . Almost any material can be used on the facade: porcelain stoneware, brick tiles or metal panels in various colours. The ventilated facades are also easy to assemble, and they create a comfortable microclimate inside the building, protecting it from heat in the summer and from cold in the winter.

The new panel buildings won’t be grey and impersonal. New architectural materials make it possible to add various detail and textures to exterior walls like tiles or unique patterns. Modern panel buildings are warm, solid and they are heat- and sound-resistant. High-quality materials, completely different from the materials used 50 years ago, are used today.

Storage space and order in the entrance halls

The space in common areas in the new buildings will be about 8.7 times larger. There will be places for strollers in large hallways, which will be especially useful for those who live in one-room flats: strollers, scooters and bicycles can be kept on the ground floor near the entrance. While there only were two or three square metres of non-common area in the old buildings, the new ones will have up to 13-15 square metres. The additional area can be used for waste disposal access, bigger elevators and wider corridors that will make the space more comfortable for people.

The new buildings can also accommodate a concierge if residents decide to hire one. There will be a special room in the building. Concierges keep everything neat and clean and can see that housing systems and services operate properly. If a light burns out in hallway, the concierge can notify the management company to send somebody to fix it.

Flats with their own microclimate

The flats will change, too. The number of rooms and the total area will be at least the same as in the old ones. Kitchens and bathrooms are larger. While in the old buildings kitchens seldom covered more than six square metres, they will be at least nine in the new ones. Also, there will be wider corridors and balconies. The average floor space of the new flats will be 30 percent larger than the old ones, with 27.5–30 sq m per person, while the old ones were only about 18–20 sq m.

 “I’ll be honest, we didn’t expect the flat to be so beautiful and large. The balconies are very good and the kitchen is big. This is not like our old five-storey building, it’s completely different. This is a different level and quality of life,” said Natalya Nikolayeva, who moved into her new building last June.

The new flats will also be warm. Advanced heating systems will heat the space, while high-quality materials and modern triple-pane windows will keep the heat inside. The radiators will have temperature regulators for those who like it cooler.

Large elevators and special flats

Life in the new buildings will better suit people with low mobility. The entrance hall floor and the elevator will be level. Corridors in the entrance halls will be at least two metres wide, and two lifts – one each for passengers and cargo – will make it easier for people who have difficulty climbing stairs. They will be able to walk to the nearest park and shop at the stores on the ground floor.

“Of course, it is more comfortable here. Try going to the fourth floor with grandchildren. Here you can just use the elevator. My mom is retried; she is a second-group disabled person. Of course it was difficult for her to climb to the fourth floor. It is important that we still have the same courtyard, because my mom goes to the polyclinic where she knows all the doctors. She’s comfortable here,” said Yelena Ushakova, who used to have to climb to the fourth floor by stairs.

There will be special flats for those in wheelchairs or with other musculoskeletal system disorders in many buildings. They are included in the design depending on the number of families with low-mobility members living in new buildings nearby. Housing for the disabled includes broader corridors and special devices to call emergency services.

Advanced technologies and time efficiency

Last year, a new design technology, BIM (Building Information Modelling), was used to design the new buildings under the relocation programme. Digital 3D models created with BIM contain an enormous database, from the image of every element to the detailed technical information about it. All the information can be used for design, during construction and later for maintenance. BIM technologies save time during the design process as well as minimise the number of possible mistakes.


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