Sports, metro... and electric buses: how Moscow lived in the 1980s

July 21

On the opening day of the XXII Summer Olympic Games, the Moscow Main Archive (Glavarchiv of Moscow) has created a new section in the Moscow - with Care for History virtual museum, which tells about the life of Moscow in the 1980s.

The section has a large collection of objects of the era: photos of the city and Muscovites, the relay of the Olympic torch, commemorative medals, records and even interesting copies of watches. For example, some of them are made in the form of stylized images of the Spasskaya, Nikolskaya, Beklemishevskaya towers of the Moscow Kremlin, the Moscow City Council building.

In addition, the Moscow Main Archive has created a news feed about the life of Moscow and its citizens based on various documents and periodicals.

"Of course, the 1980s are mainly associated with the Summer Olympic Games held in Moscow in 1980. The city carefully prepared for this event: the Olympic sports complex appeared, the Sheremetyevo-2 air terminal was opened, the famous bear - the symbol of the Olympic Games-80 greeted people everywhere. In addition to sports events, the XII World Festival of Youth and Students, the XII International Film Festival, the IV International Ballet Competition were held in the capital that decade. And in February 1980, the premiere of the already classic movie Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears directed by Vladimir Menshov took place," the press service of the Moscow Main Archive told.

The Olympic boom

Especially for the Olympics, the names of metro stations on the schemes were translated into English, cafes and restaurants were actively built. Moscow was expecting a large flow of foreign guests - delegations from 80 countries came to the Olympic Games. Among them there were 5,179 athletes who competed for 203 sets of medals in 21 sports. Sheremetyevo-2 Airport Terminal alone received more than 460 thousand foreigners.

After the Olympics, Muscovites began massively to take sports. An important role in this movement the Lenin Central Stadium in Luzhniki had played.  In 1983, there were 473 general fitness groups for people from 4 to 80 years old. Trainings were held in a variety of sports - athletics, swimming, tennis, ice dancing and much more.

At that time, more than 2.2 million dwellers and guests of the capital took part in health-improving events.

International Youth Festival

In July 1985, another large-scale event was held in Moscow - the XII World Festival of Youth and Students. That time, Moscow was visited by more than 25 thousand people from more than 150 countries of the world.

Preparations for the festival began in 1984. That time, the Main Department of Culture, the Department of Film Production and the Department of Publishing Houses, Printing and Book Trade were instructed to develop until January 1, 1985 a program of cultural services for participants and guests of the festival.

During the festival, thematic exhibitions were held in Moscow, and meetings with famous people and veterans, as well as entertainment events were held in parks, clubs and libraries. A number of cinemas and bookstores hosted meetings of the city's youth with representatives of delegations from different countries who came to the festival. Folklore, chamber, contemporary music and choral singing groups performed for the guests at Kuskovo memorial estate, Kolomenskoye and Ostankino museums.

New metro lines and districts of the capital

In the 1980s, Moscow continued to develop its transport infrastructure. Thus, that time, the construction of the Lublinsko-Dmitrovskaya metro line began, and in 1983 trains started running on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line of the Moscow metro. In addition, in 1981, research on the creation of electric cars and electric buses for the capital started.

In 1984, the borders of Moscow and the Moscow Region changed. Then the city included the settlements of Krasnogorsky, Khimki, Balashikha, Leninsky, Naro-Fominsky and Lyuberetsky districts. The total area of the territories included in Moscow was about 10 thousand hectares. In the same year, 1984, a new Moscow district was formed - the Solntsevo.

There were large-scale changes in the field of education: during the reform of 1984, the term of schooling was increased to 11 years, and in 1984-1986, 85 new schools and 220 preschool institutions were built in the capital.


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