Safety on the water. Safety rules in force on the Moscow rivers in the late 1940s - 1950s

May 21

Moscow Main Archive (Glavarchiv) told what rules were in force on the rivers of the capital in the late 1940s - 1950s. At that time, the city continued to develop actively water transport, improve water tourism, sports and leisure activities of citizens. The number of beaches and swimming pools, water sports stations and sailing bases increased. Urban river transport was used by more and more passengers.

The first order of the executive committee of the Moscow City Council was issued in 1947. It contained rules for the construction, maintenance and use of bathing areas, boat piers, boats and water sports facilities. Soon the order became invalid.

Again, the safety on the water issue was raised in 1953 at a meeting of the executive committee of the Moscow City Council. However, the consideration of the issue was postponed, because they could not reach common ground on rules for the technical inspection of boats and the issuance of license plates. The townspeople for a couple of years did not submit the boats for inspection and did not pay transport fees.

In 1955, they managed to reach common opinion. The Moscow Rescue Service, the Shipping Inspectorate, the Committee on Physical Culture and Sports, the Moscow Police Department, its river and water department considered various aspects - from the safety rules on the beaches to the location of the city river transport ticket offices.

The final document was published on May 20 of the same year. It approved the rules for the construction, maintenance and use of beaches, bathing places, boat rental stations, water sports stations, swimming pools, sports and sailing bases and piers of intra-city river transport. To ensure safety on the water, they organized rescue posts with all the necessary equipment. There were also those who were responsible for the safety of holidaymakers.

The new rules also concerned the state of water transport. All organizations, voluntary societies, and citizens who owned motor boats and boats were required to submit them annually to the Moscow River Register Inspection for inspection.

From that time, the state of sports sailing and rowing boats was to be monitored by the Committee for Physical Education and Sports. Their owners also had to be registered annually with the river police department and get numbers.

Visitors to the Moskva pool take a sun bath. Photo by V. Lagrange, M. Svishchev. April 1962. Moscow Main Archive

In addition, there were rules for rescue measures. For example, organizations and citizens were required to immediately provide assistance to people who are in distress on the water, and to provide them with their boats.

Thanks to the new rules, water transport continued to develop, and Muscovites could safely relax and have fun.


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