Records in a row: Moscow metro construction

March 31
Construction and renovation

There are six new stations on the Moscow metro map. The second section of Nekrasovskaya metro line and two stations of the Big Circle Line have been launched. In recent years, Moscow's metro system has been growing at a rapid pace. Read in the article by about records set by Moscow metro builders.

15th metro line

Construction of the second section of the Pink Line was completed in December 2019 and opened to public. The second section of Nekrasovskaya Line has Yugo-Vostochnaya, Okskaya, Stakhanovskaya, Nizhegorodskaya stations, and an integrated section of the Big Circle Line from Aviamotornaya to Lefortovo station. These stations are to become part of the Big Circle Line (when the circle closes).

Nekrasovskaya Line is the 15th line in Moscow's metro system. It was built in two stages. The first 7.9 km long section from Nekrasovka to Kosino was launched last June. It opened four stations: Kosino, Ulitsa Dmitriyevskogo, Lukhmanovskaya and Nekrasovka. For the first time in the history of the Moscow metro, a new line started opening with a section located behind the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD). One could reach it from Lermontovsky Prospekt station of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line.

In fact, the Pink Line became an alternate route for the southeast radius of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line, one of the most popular ones. Experts estimate that the launch of the new section will ease the pressure on the neighbouring roads. In particular, Ryazansky Prospekt will be unloaded up to 7 per cent, with Ferganskaya, Aviamotornaya and Soldatskaya streets unloaded up to 10 per cent.

In line with cutting-edge technology

The second section of Nekrasovskaya Line was built using most advanced technologies. So, one large two-track tunnel between Kosino and Nizhegorodskaya stations was built with the help of a 10m wide tunnelling machine. The tunnel’s key advantage is safety. If a train breaks down, it will take about 16 min to evacuate all the passengers.

New tech solutions were employed to build ventilation and MEP systems. Nekrasovskaya Line will have automatic train control system (without a driver), whose elements are being mounted now. It is not yet expected to be used in everyday life, but the basic elements of the technical infrastructure will be tested here.

Rudnyovo electric depot was built on Nekrasovskaya Line to maintain, repair and keep the rolling stock. The new capacity will maintain 48 trains daily, with 1 repaired, and another 20 trains washed. The depot will provide night parking for 31 trains.

World records

The last few years have been a real breakthrough for Moscow metro builders. Late in 2018, they set an all-time record for the entire history of the Moscow metro — 17 stations and about 33 km of new lines.

In 2019, Moscow's metro system set another record — Metro builders laid 38 km of tunnels. This performance figure was achieved for the first time in the history of metro construction in Russia.

2011 through March 2020, Moscow had more than 169 km of metro lines and the Moscow Central Circle built, including 87 new stations, with 5 electric depos reconstructed and 5 new ones built.

In terms of the number of open stations, 2018 was a record-breaking year, with the first section of the Big Circle Line, three stations of Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line, and one station of Zamoskvoretskaya Line opened. Solntsevskaya Line had seven stations opened, almost the same as in 1983, when the Soviet metro builders launched a section of the Grey Line — from Serpukhovskaya to Yuzhnaya, opening 8 stations at a time. But that segment was shorter than Solntsevskaya line. Previously, this long sections never launched at the same time in the entire history of the Moscow metro construction.

Until 2018, 1935 was a record-breaking year with the biggest number of new stations opened. The very first start-up line of the Moscow metro included 13 stations (Sokolniki — Park Kultury and Sokolniki — Smolenskaya). After that, the most successful years in the history of the metro are considered to be 1938 and 1983, with eight new stations opened in a year. From 1992 till 2002, metro had only 16 new stations opened — that is, less than in 2018 alone.

In 2019, traffic launched on two new sections totalling 17.9 km, with the first four stations of Nekrasovskaya Line and four stations of Sokolnicheskaya Line from Salaryevo to Kommunarka opened.

Another nine metro stations are expected to open in 2020. These are stations of the Big Circle Line, in addition to the section of Nekrasovskaya Line. Today, the top-priority project of the Moscow metro construction is the Big Circle Line (BCL). The 70 km long line will have 31 stations. BCL is supposed to be the world's longest metro circle line. 

Recognition of Guinness World Records

In March 2020, Moscow set another world record, with the largest number of tunnelling machines working simultaneously. 23 huge machines are building new Moscow metro stations and lines. The record was officially registered by Guinness World Records. 48 witnesses were simultaneously filming all the tunnelling machines operating on metro construction sites.

The Moscow metro is a leader in many other fields, too, such as intensity, reliability, and passenger traffic. Daily, more than 6,000 carriages run along its 15 lines (including the Moscow Central Circle). Today, their average speed is about 42 kph, with the headway considered to be among the lowest in the world, that is 90 sec.

Фото: Пресс-служба Мэра и Правительства Москвы. Максим Мишин


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