Pomade pots and a rattle ball: what else archaeologists found in Sretenka Street

August 4

While carrying out research work in Sretenka Street, archaeologists found household items of the 16th–late 19th century made of ceramics. These included smoking pipes, toys, candlesticks, bells, and pomade pots.

“Excavations at Sretenka began recently, but the collection of ceramic artifacts already exceeds 200 specimens. With the help of this invaluable historical material, scientists will better understand the peculiarities of Muscovites’ life starting from the 16th century. Of this collection, 12 fragments of black polished bells from the 17th–18th centuries deserve special attention. It was through special firing and pebble processing — glossing, that such pottery acquired its dark color. Most likely, the bells were used as toys, but archaeologists still have to look into this”, Aleksey Emelyanov, Head of Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage, said.

Among the ceramic toys are a figurine of a bear, a painted whistle in the form of a horse rider and a glazed rattle ball. According to specialists, these artifacts date back to the 16–18th centuries.

The collection also includes other interesting items, such as ceramic candlesticks and pomade pots. The latter were used to store all kinds of ointments, balms, and pomades. Due to their convenient stable shape, as well as the good quality of ceramics and glazing, pomade pots were often reused, for example as inkwells. Archaeologists attribute these findings, as well as Dutch and Turkish smoking pipes found during excavations to the 18th–the first half of the 19th century.

The collection includes stove tiles: they probably decorated the interiors of a Moscow house in the 17th–19th centuries. The design of the tiles mostly features plant and geometric ornaments.

The specialists are to study all the finds and then transfer them to the museum fund of the city. Archaeological work in Sretenka is still underway.

The archaeological season that began in the capital in June will last until early October. This is the time when excavations, observations, and research are carried out. Field work is planned on more than 800 sites in the new season. Two-thirds of them are located on the territory of TiNAO (Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative districts).

Preservation of finds is an important part of the Moscow archaeologists work. The process is divided into two stages. During the laboratory investigation, soil is removed. The restoration itself can take from a week to several years (depending on the complexity of the find and its condition). Last year, more than 15 thousand artifacts were found in Moscow.

Black glossy bells

Photos are provided by the press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

Source: mos.ru

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