Poet, physicist, astronomer: Glavarchiv provides documents for the 310th anniversary of Mikhail Lomonosov birth

November 23
Culture

The Moscow Glavarchiv (Moscow Main Archive Department) provided documents telling about the life, artistic and scientific heritage of Mikhail Lomonosov. On November 19, 310 years will be since his birth.

About Lomonosov, books and poems were written, his pictural and sculptural portraits were created. He was a many-sided personality — a poet, physicist, chemist, astronomer, metallurgist and mining specialist, historian and philologist.

Mikhail Lomonosov was born in the Petrine era, and the most fruitful period of his activity fell during the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna. He was the son of a simple Arkhangelsk peasant-coast dweller, and became a scientist-academician. Lomonosov life path and discoveries were inspiring researchers, poets and prose writers for many years.

An example of courage and hard work

The literary critic and writer Sergei Andreev-Krivich has preserved in his fund works dedicated to the biography of the scientist: ‘The Peasant Son, Mikhailo Lomonosov’ and ‘Can Give Birth To Its Own Platons...’— a work that received as its title a line from Lomonosov literary work ‘Ode on the Day of the Ascension of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna to the Throne’. These books were published in the 1960s for a wide range of readers, and especially for those who were just choosing their path. After all, the biography of a scientist is an example of courage, inventiveness and diligence. Such important books include Alexei Markov's poem ‘Mikhailo Lomonosov’ have been preserved in the fund of the translator Lev Ozerov.

Articles with reflections on Lomonosov and his contribution to the development of Russian natural science are kept in the philosopher Vasily Bogatov’s fund. And the art critic Vladimir Moskvinov’s fund provides materials dedicated to the sculptor Fedot Shubin, who made sculptural portraits of contemporaries — important dignitaries of the XVIII century. One of his most famous works is a sculptural portrait of his famous countryman and friend Mikhail Lomonosov.

Studies about the first Russian scientist-naturalist have been preserved in the personal fund of the geographer and local historian Valentin Rakhilin as well. Among them are the articles as follows: ‘Moscow in the Works of M.V. Lomonosov’, ‘Belgorod region and M.V. Lomonosov’, ‘M.V. Lomonosov and the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Monuments’, ‘M.V. Lomonosov and the Preservation of monuments of Ancient Kiev’, ‘Kandalaksha in the Works of M.V. Lomonosov’ and ‘The Explorer of Science’.

The artefacts are also kept in the archive: a portrait of Mikhail Lomonosov made by the artist Veniamin Surikov, and a collection of postcards dedicated to the scientist from the Olga Svarichovskaya’s collection.

Source: mos.ru

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