Pharmacy vials, porcelain cups and a milk jug: the latest finds of archaeologists

May 7
Culture

Dishes and pharmacy glass bottles of the late 19th—early 20th century were found in 5 Peresvetov Lane, where while laying utility lines there.

“Just a few days ago, the capital's archaeologists found new interesting artifacts. Fragments of porcelain and pottery ware of the early 20th century, as well as pharmacy vials of the late 19th—early 20th century were handed over to the workshops for study and restoration. After the experts put them in order, the items will go to one of Moscow museums”, said Alexey Yemelyanov, the head of the Cultural Heritage Department.

Pharmacy vials (three pieces) are made of transparent and green glass. They have no trademarks; it was typical pharmaceutical packaging back then. There are also fragments of a milk jug and porcelain bowls among the finds.

Historically, the area is associated with the Church of the Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God in Stary Simonov and the Simonov Monastery. It is possible that these dishes and pharmacy vials were used by the monastery brethren.

As Alexey Yemelyanov noted, the archaeologists did not found clearly defined cultural layers in the ground at the site. If the earth has not been excavated, the artifacts are stored in certain layers corresponding to a particular period of time. If there are no such layers, there may have been excavations associated with construction or other large-scale works in the past. In Peresvetov Lane, evidence of digging was found in the ground. The work was probably performed during the destruction of the bell tower of the Church of the Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God in Stary Simonov in the neighborhood in 1928.

According to a legend, Peresvet and Oslyabya, two monks of the Trinity-Sergius Monastery and participants in the Battle of Kulikovo, who had been sent to the Grand Duke Dmitry Donskoy by St. Sergius of Radonezh, were buried within the walls of this church. The lane where the artifacts were discovered got its name in honor of the hero Peresvet.

The items that preserve the memory of the Moscow life and its citizens are carefully studied by specialists. They determine their value and condition, and then decide how to keep them. Often, the transfer of artifacts to museums is preceded by a long period of restoration.

For example, a horse-comb of the XVII century was discovered on Petrovka Street, near the house 17. This is an iron brush with blunt teeth for brushing and combing horses. Experts suppose that earlier on Petrovka Street near the place where the horse-comb was found there was a horse stable. Now this item is being restored.

In mid–April, the restoration of the collection of 33 items from the 17th-19th centuries, found in Khlebny Lane, was completed. There are coins, fragments of stove tiles, ceramic dishes, a metal teaspoon, a jug and a handle from a church ladle among them. Now all these items will be given to the collection of the Museum of Moscow.

The photos are provided by the press service of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage

Source: mos.ru

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