Perhaps another Joseph Bové’s masterpiece: the Lopatins ' house was approved as the object of protection

May 16
Culture

The unique building of the beginning of the XIX century, located at: Gagarinsky Lane, 15/7 was approved as an object of protection. It is known as the Lopatin House and has the status of a cultural heritage site of federal importance.

This one-story wooden building was built on the corner of Gagarinsky and Khrushchevsky Lanes in 1815. It was used as the front wing of the Baron Vladimir Ivanovich Shteyngeyl’s estate. The wing occupied the northern part of the property.

"The Lopatins' house in Gagarinsky Lane plays an important role for the historical appearance of the district. Judging by the layout features, the house was originally built in the tradition of ‘pre-fire’ classicism with a clear division into piano nobiles and residential premises. To this day, the strictly symmetrical main facade of the house has been preserved in the distinctive forms of the Moscow Empire style. In addition to the elegant exterior decoration, the interiors of the monument are of high value. All the details that form the original appearance of the building were included in the object of protection, " - Alexey Yemelyanov, the Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow, said.

The project of the house has not been preserved. Experts suppose it was built according to the pattern plans developed by leading architects in 1809-1812. In the ‘post-fire’ Moscow (we are talking about the fire of 1812 occurred during the capture of the city by Napoleon's troops), the projects were approved by the architect Joseph Bové. In the Collection of Exemplary Facades album there are similar ones with four-column porticos. One of the projects of one-story wooden residential building made by Joseph Bové, is very close to Steingeil’s house composition and layout, especially in the use of arches in decorating the portico. There is a hypothesis about the participation of the outstanding architect in the design of the house.

In 1819, Shteingeil retired and left Moscow. His wife sold the estate to the city secretary Nikolai Ivanovich Kvashnin. In 1838, the estate went over to the retired hussar lieutenant Nikolai Ivanovich Khlebnikov.

Most likely, the house was rebuilt during his lifetime. There was a stone foundation and mezzanine, as well as a vaulted basement. Its dating is evidented by the brick brands.

In the future, the owners of the building changed, until it went over to the family of Lev Mikhailovich Lopatin - a famous philosopher, psychologist, professor at Moscow University. His family owned the house for 45 years, having turned it into one of the centers of cultural and intellectual life in Moscow in the last third of the XIX — early XX century.

The house hosted the so-called Lopatinsky Wednesdays, which at various times were attended by Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ivan Bunin, Afanasy Fet, Fyodor Tyutchev, Konstantin Stanislavsky, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, as well as other prominent figures of science and art. During this period, the mansion in Gagarinsky Lane became the center of cultural and philosophical life in Moscow.

The strictly symmetrical main facade of the building corresponds to the Moscow Empire style. Its special feature is a Doric portico with arched archivolts completed by a complex pediment. The clear drawing of details, the vertically elongated rectangular windows, the Doric columns that rose to the full height of the building, as well as the relief with griffins and medallions give the structure the appearance of a small temple.

The courtyard facades of the building do not have a complex decor. It is based only on the window frames and the crowning cornice.

The grand enfilade layout of the halls has been preserved to this day. In 1982-1983, the building was completely renovated and restored.

Of the interior, tiled stoves and a marble fireplace with a mirror, bronze overlays and a mirror, stretched cornices, stove tiles, stair railings, and a ceiling with stucco decoration have been preserved.

All elements of the decor, interior decoration, as well as the layout of the building and the materials used in its construction and decoration are included in the object of protection. All work on the preservation of the monument will be carried out taking into account this document.

Source: mos.ru

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