Over a million perennials planted in Moscow this autumn

October 6, 2020
Parks and pedestrian areas

Over a million perennials were planted this year in Moscow.

“This year, Moscow planted about 1.2 million perennials between June and the middle of September, twice as many as in 2019.  There are now over 160 different sorts of astilbes, asters, daylilies, irises, peonies, phlox, delphiniums, hostas and sage to name just a few plus Polygonum Affine Superba and horsemint that were planted for the first time. Next summer, they will flower in Pobedy Park on Poklonnaya Gora,” said Natalia Korablina, Deputy Head of Moscow’s Department of Housing, Utilities and Amenities.

Perennials come up every spring, but their flowering period is shorter than annuals. So it’s no wonder that perennials are often planted together with annuals to create colourful border and flowerbed compositions.

Every plants flowers at a different time. Crocuses, tulips and daffodils are the first to appear usually in early May, followed by peonies, irises, phlox, astilbes and many other flowers. During the Autumn months it’s things like coneflowers and chrysanthemums that flower.

There are certain perennials that do well in Moscow and the Moscow region as they are resistant to diseases and pests. In order to help the plants survive the harsh winters, the city utility services prepare them for the chilly season. They hill, fertilise and mulch the soil with peat and deadhead and cut back the plants and water them less. Roses are covered with nonwoven fabrics or branches of fir tree.  

Preparations for the winter months get underway in late September and could continue into November, depending on the weather and type of plants.

During the cold season, perennials rest, but come early spring they will be uncovered and the soil be forked through and fed mineral fertilisers.

The most spectacular flowerbeds with perennials can be seen in central squares, public gardens and parks. For instance, Manezhnaya Square boasts over 5,000 different kinds of plants.

Perennials can also be found in Novy Arbat Street, the Heroes of Space Alley near VDNKh metro station, as well as Triumfalnaya Square, Krasnokholmskaya Embankment, Sukharevskaya Square, and the Ilyinsky and Novopushkinsky public gardens.

Perennials are also planted near places like busy roads such as the Dmitrovskoye, Rublyovskoye, Kashirskoye and Kiyevskoye motorways, plus the Ryazansky, Volgogradsky, Proletarsky, Leninsky and Kutuzovsky prospekts, as well as Andropova and Vernadskogo prospekts.

Zaryadye Park has the largest collection of perennials. Over 120 different varieties, including lily of the valley, catsfoot, Siberian iris, corydalis, sweet violets and plenty of others spread over an area of more than 20,000 square metres.

Gardeners take good care of all the city plants and at regular intervals turnover the soil and mulch it with organic fertilisers, compost and other nourishment. In the warm weather, new plants are dug in to replace those that are no longer flowering or have perished.

This year, over 50,000 perennials were planted in Zaryadye, including cypress spurge, woodland sage, leafless iris, Arctic raspberry and alpine chickweed.

Source: mos.ru

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