On the Glavarchiv website, the materials about unrealized architectural projects of the Soviet era were published

May 31
Culture

The Moscow Glavarchiv and the State Inspectorate for Control over the Use of Real Estate continue to publish unique documents about the architectural appearance of the capital. Now documents about unrealized architectural projects of the beginning of the Soviet era are available to everyone.

On the website of the Moscow Glavarchiv, in the Unique Documents subsection of the About the Archive section, the materials related to the eighth Stalin’s high-rise, the pantheon and the Kolkhoznik Central House on Kalanchevskaya Street are published. Among the materials there are 47 drawings, 89 photos and 39 sheets of text documents. Thanks to them, users can imagine what the capital would look like if these projects were implemented.

"Together with our colleagues from the State Inspectorate for Real Estate, we continue the project of publishing unique documents about the architectural appearance of the capital. First of all, until March of this year, we opened access to unique materials about the lost churches and chapels of the pre-revolutionary period. Now we are introducing citizens to the documents of the Soviet era, namely, drawings, photographs and other documents about unrealized grandiose architectural projects. All these materials are very valuable for historians, architects, students and all those who are interested in the past of the city," Anastasia Rakova, Deputy Moscow Mayor for Social Development, said.

Glavarchiv specialists are engaged not only in the search, but also in determining the significance of documents. They select materials that are of undoubted historical value and exist in a single copy. The State Inspectorate for Real Estate evaluates documents for their compliance with the criteria of uniqueness. It is necessary for inclusion in the State Register of Unique Documents of the Moscow Archive Fund. Thanks to the joint work of the departments, it is possible to preserve the most valuable historical materials.

"Specialists of the State Inspectorate for Real Estate have conducted analytical work and issued an expert opinion confirming that the documentation for three grandiose Soviet projects has a high cultural, historical and material value, and also fully meets the criteria necessary for its inclusion in the State Register of Unique Documents of Moscow. Thus, the documents will be preserved, and citizens will be able to get acquainted with unique materials," Vladimir Efimov, Deputy Moscow Mayor for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations, said.

The most interesting among the newly revealed documents is the project of the pantheon - a monument to the eternal glory of the great people of the Soviet country, where the bodies of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and other statesmen buried near the Kremlin Wall were to be moved. A variety of places were offered to arrange the pantheon: Red Square, Poklonnaya Gora, Leninskie (now Vorobyovy) Gory, Gorky Park, Sofiyskaya Embankment, Rublevskoe Highway, Sokolniki Park, Neskuchny Garden and a number of other places.

The 275-meter administrative building of the eighth high-rise in Zaryadye, designed by architect Dmitry Chechulin, was to become the main and tallest of the eight Stalin’s high-rises laid on the day of the 800th anniversary of Moscow. On the stylobate of the eighth high-rise, erected by the spring of 1953, the hotel ‘Russia’ was subsequently built, and the frame of the building was used for the construction of the Central Lenin Stadium. Among the new unique documents, there are 89 photos showing a view of Zaryadye from the side of St. Basil's Cathedral, a general view of the construction site in Zaryadye, equipment and materials used in the construction, and archaeological artifacts found during the work.

No less interesting are the documents devoted to the construction of the Kolkhoznik Central House designed by Academician Alexey Shchusev. The complex was to consist of a hotel, a lobby, service and administrative offices, shops, as well as an agricultural exhibition hall and a greenhouse. The total area of the exhibition space was supposed to be about four thousand square meters, with the first floor allocated for the display of heavy exhibits (including combined harvesters), and the volume of the entire structure was equal to 228 thousand cubic meters.

The Moscow Glavarchiv and the State Inspectorate for Real Estate created a project on publishing unique documents in December last year. Initially, materials were published about 20 lost churches, monasteries and chapels that were irretrievably destroyed in the 1920s and 1930s. Then the departments opened access to all the preserved documents about the lost churches and monasteries: plans, drawings, color watercolor drawings of the facades of 118 objects.

Source: mos.ru

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