On the 300th anniversary of the oil business: a new museum opened in Moscow

May 28
Culture

An oil museum has appeared on Sretensky Boulevard. Its opening is timed to coincide with the 300th anniversary of the oil business in Russia. The ceremony was attended by Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin and Lukoil President Vagit Alekperov.

According to Moscow Mayor, it is impossible to imagine modern Russia without the oil industry. This industry is important for economy, budget, and industrialization of the country, and also had influenced the course of the Great Patriotic War, the recovery in the post-war period, and the development of science.

"There are no oil rigs or oil fields in Moscow, but there are many people in the capital who develop academic science, applied science, and education, who work largely for the country's oil industry. Therefore, of course, the 300th anniversary of the oil industry is also a significant event for Moscow," Sergei Sobyanin said.

He expressed hope that the new museum, like the VDNKh Museum, will be popular with both Muscovites and tourists.

How the museum works

The exhibition space on Sretensky Boulevard and the Neft (Oil) Pavilion at VDNKh are part of the same museum dedicated to the history of the Russian oil industry.

"If the first museum, which we opened at VDNKh, was more devoted to educational processes and described oil production, exploration, transportation, refining, then this museum shows the history of the oil industry of our country, starting from the first Baku rigs and ending with modern oil fields, refining," Sergei Sobyanin said.

In particular, the exhibit at the main exhibition of the country tells about how oil is produced, how it is refined and transported. The Oil Museum will be dedicated to the history: the origin, formation and development of the oil industry of our country.

On the area of almost 700 square meters, 21 thematic zones are organized, including ‘Kerosene World’, ‘Gasoline World’, ‘Partnership of the Nobel Brothers’, ‘Technological breakthrough of engineer Shukhov’.

The outer perimeter of the museum is dedicated to events and processes, and the inner perimeter is dedicated to historical figures who contributed to the development of the domestic oil industry. In addition, visitors will be able to be in the driver’s seat of a real American Ford T or have a look at the original jewelry of the Nobel family, made by the Faberge jewelry house.

The museum has implemented several non-standard technological solutions:

- immersive zone with 360-degree panoramic screen;

- promovisors with 3D holography;

- detailed grand layout with video projection, dedicated to oil production in the Russian Empire.

There is an art installation in front of the museum entrance. It consists of items related to oil production in Russia in the late XIX - early XX century, as well as items from Russian oil production facilities.

Vagit Alekperov noted that the museum will become a platform for additional education of young specialists in the oil industry.

It is planned that there will be sightseeing and specialized excursions, scientific conferences, seminars, thematic meetings and classes with students. In addition, it is a meeting place for specialists who are engaged in the organization of modern museum and exhibition exhibits. The museum visit booking will be opened during 2021.

Vagit Alekperov added that the museum will be replenished with new exhibits.

Thematic zones of the museum

The exhibition space is divided into several thematic zones.

The entrance zone begins with an information kiosk, which contains general information about the exhibition, the Neft Pavilion at VDNKh and the museums of its subsidiaries. Here, guests can take part in a quiz and send photo cards to their email address.

Further, visitors to the exhibition will see the bas-relief ‘Tablets of History’ made by the artist George Tandashvili. This is a modern multimedia installation that tells about the origin and development of the oil industry in our country from ancient times to the present day.

Primordial Oil. In this thematic zone the visitors will see multimedia videos and an interactive map. They will tell about the earliest period of oil development - from its use for lighting and for military purposes to the first experiments of oil refining on an industrial scale.

Kerosene World. This part of the exhibition is dedicated to kerosene use from the second half of the 19th century. It was then that the safe kerosene lamp was invented. This combustible mixture was used for lighting in schools, hospitals and other institutions, industrial enterprises and railway transport. Kerosene lamps and lanterns appeared in houses and on the streets of St. Petersburg, Moscow and other cities. This oil product was used as fuel for kerosene samovars, kerosene stoves, household stoves, and blowtorches.

The Lighting Evolution. The multimedia installation will introduce you to the ways of lighting that people have used throughout history: splinter, candle, kerosene lamp and, finally, electric light bulb.

Oil Industry of the Russian Empire. The exhibits of this thematic zone will introduce you to the activities of leading domestic oil companies. Visitors will learn how oil production and refining have improved and how the oil science has developed. Here you can also see the awards of Russian petroleum industrialists received at all-Russian and International industrial exhibitions.

The Nobel Brothers Partnership. Nobel Brothers Oil Production Partnership, founded in 1879, largely contributed to the development of the Russian oil industry. The following thematic section will tell you about the activities of this company. The partnership was successfully engaged in pipeline and liquid oil and petroleum products transportation, the introduction of waste-free oil refining technologies, and the organization of its own machine-building production. Visitors will also learn about the prizes established by the Nobel family to support the development of science and industry.

The Nobel Family in Russia. Another part of the exhibition introduces the Nobel family. Three generations of these petroleum industrialists lived and worked in Russia from 1838 to 1918. The Nobels’ companies were a model of corporate culture, as evidenced by the medals, medallions, commemorative tokens, brooches and other jewelry made by the masters of the Carl Faberge company.

The Way of Russian Oil. The Way of Russian Oil mockup, supplemented with videos, shows the entire oil processing: production, refining, transportation, storage and marketing. Visitors can also see the main routes of oil and petroleum products movement in our country - from the Absheron Peninsula through the Caspian Sea and the Volga River to the cities of Central Russia.

Vladimir Shukhov's Technological Breakthrough. At the end of the XIX century, the entrepreneur Alexander Bari created the first engineering company in Russia, where engineer Vladimir Shukhov worked. His name is associated with many major achievements - the appearance of oil-burning nozzles, pipelines, oil tanks and oil barges, well pumps, airlifts, oil refineries, cracking plants, and so on. The exhibition presents drawings of oil industry objects made by Shukhov, as well as a collection of items, including a unique silver gift frame, presented by colleagues in honor of the 15th anniversary of the Construction Office of A.V. Bari. It was made at the Faberge factory in Moscow.

Pharmacy. In the old days, you could buy gasoline at a pharmacy. Until the end of the 19th century, it was considered a waste product of oil refining and was used as a solvent and cleaning agent. In the exhibition, that reconstructs the window of an old pharmacy, you can see rare scales, original cans for lamp oil and other household items of that time.

Gasoline World. This section of the exhibition will take you back to the beginning of the era of motorization. Its main character is a Ford T car, which, with the help of a multimedia system, guests will be able to ride through the streets of pre-revolutionary Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Tsaritsyn and Baku. You can also take a photo as a souvenir and get it in the entrance area of the museum.

From Revolution to Industrialization. 1917–1941.  After the Civil War, the restoration and development of the oil industry became one of the main tasks of the Soviet state. The thematic section tells about this difficult period of history and about the people who played a major role in the development of the oil industry at that time.

In the Years of Hardships. 1941–1945.  The war period was even more difficult. Newspapers tell about it, which you can read with the help of a multimedia system. The press of that time wrote about the heroic everyday life of geologists and oil industry workers who did everything for the uninterrupted supply of fuel and lubricants to the army. In addition, in this section you can see the personal belongings of the Soviet ministers Ivan Sedin and Nikolai Baibakov, who were able to quickly put the oil industry on s war footing.

Neftyanik Cultural Center. This thematic zone shows how the theme of oil production and refining was reflected in the culture of the USSR. Here you can watch movies of that time, listen to songs about oil industry workers and appreciate the power of the Soviet propaganda poster.

Outstanding people pleiad. Among the leaders of the oil and gas and geological industries were many outstanding people - Nikolai Baibakov, Valery Greifer, Nikolai Maltsev, Viktor Muravlenko, Vladimir Filanovsky, Valentin Shashin. In this thematic zone, you can see the documents and personal belongings of these figures, as well as hear their voices and watch newsreels. An interactive book will help you do this.

Interactive map Oil Industry of Russia/USSR. It shows how the domestic oil industry developed and grew. The visitor can choose a certain period of time and see which fields were discovered at that time, which oil refineries and pipelines were built.

Awards of Soviet Oil Industry Workers. This section presents state awards of the USSR, industry and regional honorary distinctions, as well as distinctions of oil companies and organizations. Among the exhibits there are medals and badges dedicated to important events and anniversaries in the history of the oil industry, as well as commemorative paraphernalia issued in honor of congresses and conferences.

Several thematic zones are dedicated to the history of the creation and development of Lukoil company.

Source: mos.ru

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