On ice and under water: rescuers about salvage operations on the Moscow water bodies in winter

November 6
Safety and security

With the onset of winter and cold weather, the work load of the Moscow rescuers will increase. There are enough people risking to walk on the ice in Moscow. These are fishermen, dog owners, and Muscovites taking shortcuts to their home. However, such a decision can turn into an accident, and then help of rescuers is needed. Therefore, employees of the search and rescue station "Levoberezhnaya" of the Moscow search and rescue service on water bodies are already activelypreparing for the winter season.

Quick response is most important

The area of ​​responsibility of the Levoberezhnaya station is the water area of ​​the Moscow Canal from the Moscow Ring Road downstream to the Khimki Reservoir, the Khimki Reservoir from the Leningradsky Bridge to the border of the Severnoye Tushino Beach, including the water area of ​​Butakovskiy Bay. Every day and around the clock, a duty shift (three rescuers, deputy chief and station chief) patrols the area. “The most dangerous periods are freezing and opening of the ice cover of water bodies, because, unfortunately, citizens go on the ice and fall through it. This is late autumn and spring ice drift,” says Denis Chernogorov, deputy head of the Levoberezhnaya search and rescue station.

Rescuer Maxim Zhestko shares his colleague opinion. During his working life, he saved from the ice holes reckless skiers, fishermen and dog owners, selflessly saving their pets.

“The most important thing in the work of a rescuer is quickly respond to the alert, timely arrive at the scene and save people,” he stressed.

If somebody witnesses the drowning, the rescuer adds,it is necessary immediately call 112 and 101. The witness should report the incident to operator, give the address and details.

It should be noted that in Moscow since 2011 the number of accidents on waterways decreased by 1.5 times. Over the past five years, specialists rescued 600 people in the water and provided first aid to more than 800 victims. This year the number of rescued is more than 60 people.

How to call emergency services

Four minutes to rescue

The most valuable resource in the work of rescuers is time. The sooner the rescues arrive at the site, the higher the likelihood of a successful rescue operation.

“The standard time of arrival of rescuers to the scene is no more than 4.5 minutes from the moment of departure from our station. Without oxygen, the human brain can survive six minutes maximum, and later it is almost impossible to save life,” says Vladimir Volkov, head of the Moscow search and rescue service on water bodies.

The rescuers' drills before the start of the winter season take place in several stages. The first task is to save a man with a raft. The rescuer swims to the "victim" and helps him climb onto the raft, while his partner on the bank pulls them with rope and, if necessary, gives them a ladder. The next situation - a person fell into the water near the riverbank. In this case, rescuers grab him with a special device and pull him onto bank.

The final task is to save the drowning man from the ice hole. The rescuers don't need ice for training. Having found a person, rescuers, using a compressed air cylinder, inflate equipment, similar to a ladder, through which one of them reach the "drowning". This device allows several people to be pulled out of the water at the same time.

If it is impossible to help from the riverbank, the same procedures are performed from a boat, jet ski or a specially designed hovercraft. But the main thing is to complete each exercise in a matter of minutes.

Help and calm

Arriving on time is only the first step in saving the victim. It is equally important to provide first aid before the arrival of medical workers and to calm the person down.

“We call it pre-psychological help. Rescuers communicate with the victim to keep him/her awake until the ambulance arrives,” explains Elena Evstigneyeva, a psychologist at the Moscow City Search and Rescue Service at water bodies.

In addition, among the tasks of rescuers is to find out about the well-being of the victim, make sure that he/her has no injuries, and also inform about what will happen next. This helps to establish trusting contact with the person and reduce stress levels.

“A victim needs minimal information, an understanding of the situation, since uncertainty in such circumstances frightens everyone. And when you understand what will happen to you in the future, it becomes a little easier,” added Elena.

Iron horses and underwater helpers

The Moscow water rescuers have more than 180 floating crafts at their possession. These are speedboats, hovercraft, jet skis and rowing boats. Among the irreplaceable is the two-seater hovercraft Jetter. This hovercraft can be used on water, wetlands, sand and snow, speeding up to 60 km/hour.

“Thanks to its speed and maneuverability, this hovercraft can reach the extreme point of the zone of responsibility in a couple of minutes, which is six to seven kilometers,” said Alexander Shevchuk, head of the Ozero Bezdonnoye search and rescue station.

There is also an ATV at the station — this is a universal transport for winter.

This year, the rescuers were provided with new transport — an airboat. This flat-bottomed boat with a large propeller moves faster over broken ice, hummocks and other obstacles than a hovercraft.

In addition, the rescuers have 33 vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles and modern equipment at their service. For example, to detect a person overboard, measure the depth or temperature of the water, experts use an echo sounder. An excellent assistant to divers is a remotely controlled underwater vehicle. It is equipped with two digital cameras and is designed to operate at a depth of 200 meters.

For work in water contaminated with oil products, ventilated diving equipment is used. Together with a mask and boots, such a wetsuit can weigh about 80 kilograms.

When diving under water, the rescuer also needs equipment that will provide him with oxygen and will allow him to overcome underwater obstacles. For example, using a rapid deployment diving station, a specialist will be able to work at depths of up to 40 meters in a fast current or under ice.

The Moscow search and rescue service includes 24 search and rescue stations. Up to 70 professional rescuers and divers are on duty every day.

Source: mos.ru

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