Olga Kiriakova’s Mansion and I.M. Korovin’s Tenement Building: How Historical Housing Resources of the Capital Are Restored

October 10
Municipal services

Conservation efforts at two sites, Olga Kiriakova’s mansion and I.M. Korovin’s tenement building, are nearing their completion.

Olga Kiriakova’s mansion (bldg.1, 21 Bolshoi Drovianoi Lane) is a typical example of the Moscow XIX century modern. Contrary to many restored houses of that period, this is a manorial, rather than a tenement building. It was constructed for one of old Moscow merchant families, rather than for let.

Initially, the building had two entrances, a main one (for owners) and a service one (for servants). After the mansion division to apartments, they were converted into doorways.

During the works, employees of the Moscow Fund for Capital Repairs of Apartment Blocks restored a boarded up lighting window and unique sill closets in the “service” doorway. In the “main” doorway, the restoration was conducted with the stucco decor re-layout.

Restoring vestibule doors has become quire a task. Owners prohibited unhinging and taking them away to the workshop. As a result, experts had to work onsite. Specialists cleaned all dilapidated things removing such wood part as had turned into rot over the centuries-old history. A drawing being an oak texture replica was applied manually on the polished surface. In addition, handrails and banisters were renewed, floor tile, as well as ancient mansion facade were restored.

I.M. Korovin’s tenement building (10 Chaplygina Street) was erected in 1894 upon the project of Ivan Kondratenko, a well-known Moscow architect. It was his first building in the eclectic style. The building facade is decorated by 32 stucco elements - pilasters and medallions, effective bows and lucarnes with flowerpots. Window openings are decorated with framed shaped cases, sill shelves, aprons and key stones.

Over its more than the century-old history, the building has lost about 20 percent of decor. Sculptors restored whatever lost to this day by stock photos and surviving details. Front facade window units, oak woodpanelled vestibules were restored. For the lost entrance ceramic floor tile re-layout, similar one was ordered from England.

A delicate work with handrails and banisters was conducted - several paint coats were removed, and a unique drawing restored. The ceiling decor was restored. The roofing was repaired by installing identic wooden roof timbers and restoring brick parapets. Dolomite stairs were repaired either.

In 2021, 14 cultural heritage sites with complex architectural elements are being restored in Moscow.

“Since this year, special subsidies are allocated by the city for restoration works in apartment blocks, which are cultural heritage sites. Major repairs in such houses is conducted within funds accumulated by residents at the expense of the minimal contribution amount, while additional specializes works are conducted for account of the subsidy: complex architectural elements are restored, including the stucco decor, pulled cornices, bas-reliefs, stained glass window assemblies, artistic enclosures of balconies and parapets. Nowadays, 14 apartment blocks are restored under such program, works in the first two of them are near completion”, as the capital municipal economy complex press service told.

The works are conducted owing to the city subsidy under the program of the Moscow Fund for Capital Repairs of Apartment Blocks.

Repairs in historical buildings may be only conducted by such organizations, as have obtained a license from the Ministry of Culture of Russia. A company must have a fair number of architects, restorers, sculptors and other rare specialists.

The works are also conducted in a residential building of the Ministry of Defense of Russia (28 - 30 Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street), where historical entrance oak doors are installed currently. The restoration of each one took around three weeks. Initially, all losses were restored, and then they were glazed and pasted with blades - wooden plates reproducing the oak texture.

Moreover, 90 balusters were restored on the building facade. Unique spires were restored on the roof.

Marshal's House: how to restore a historical residential building on Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street

Capital repairs with restoration continue at: 1 Leningradsky Avenue. Formerly, it was a residential building of Moscow - Volga Channel Steamship Line Administration, it was built in 1930. Facade works are completed practically here. The first two floors are completed with rustication, and the upper ones - with smooth plaster painted.

The building is beautified with air bath balconies on decorative corbels, crowning balustrade sculptural perfections, stucco decor, and shaped cornices.

The roof of such building has the conservation status either - identic wooden roof timbers were brought to repair it.

Apartment tags having remained will be restored, and those lost renewed in doorways.

Farther down the street, capital repairs are conducted in building 27 well-known as a tracery house. It was erected in Leningradsky Avenue in 1936-1940s. The building is unique owing to tracery concrete slabs of the facade, as had been plant-casted. Each block weights three tons.

The works on restoring floor traction bars are conducted currently. The design of window and door openings, dummy French balconies with metal tracery enclosures is under restoration. In addition, attic windows and tubes of vent stacks, the building roof, stairways with stairs made of poured concrete with marble aggregate in doorways and many other things are subject to repairs with restoration.

The works in the residential building by Yu.F. Diederichs, the architect, are active at Bldg.3, 36 Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street. Contrary to buildings above, its century anniversary is still ahead. The building was erected in 1937. Its architectural forms refer to Italian palazzi of the Renaissance era. The first two floors are framed by coarse rustication covered with stone-simulated plaster. The facade is decorated with pilasters and split-up cornice, caps are composite order-simulated and decorated with stars, ears, hammer and sickle. A massive arch is in the middle of the building.

The works are conducted in the basement, roofing and facade are under repair. Rustication recreating is necessary with giving an exuding stone effect to it. Lost balusters will return either. Decorative vases beautifying the upper floor central part will be installed as well. At the same time, specialists have already proceeded to restoration works in building doorways.

Olga Kiriakova’s mansion and I.M. Korovin’s tenement building: how historical housing resources of the capital are restored

Capital repairs with restoration is also expected for the following buildings:

- The tenement building of M.G. Piotrovich, the architect (31 Arbat Street). The year of construction is 1878. The facade main distinction - mascarons with images of lions. The restoration will affect all building decorative elements;

- The P.A. Skopnik’s tenement house (27/24 Spiridonovka Street). Year built - 1906. The main restorer’s task is in skillful repairs of roofing representing a complex geometric structure. In addition, the initial facade color and rich decor will be restored;

- The Voeykovs’ tenement house (Bldg.1, 9 Volkhonka Street). Year built - 1879. All stucco decor elements will attain the former appearance;

- Building of NKVD officers at Smolenskaya Square (house 13/21).

- V. Golubitskaya’s tenement house (42/2 Ostozhenka Street). Year built - 1842. Architect - Nikolai Stroukov. The building was in the disrepair virtually. Not the facade stucco decor only, but brick facade walls, roofing, chimneys, doorway stairways and many other things are subject to restoration. Specialists plan completing all structural repair works and restoration of facades in the next year;

- The tenement building of P.A. Ushakov, the architect (9 Pozharsky Lane). Year built - 1908. The building is richly decorated with various fretted elements. Works on restoring facades are near completion, the delivery is planned this year. As requested by the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow, all air conditioners distorting the building appearance were removed from the main and lateral facades.

- The residential building of I.D. Begichev, the architect (Bldg.3, 8 Sechenovsky Lane). Year built - 1904. The main feature of this year restoration works is in the timbered roof part uniqueness. It consists of eight meters long single sticks. Finding such materials is not easy. The material was ordered especially. The facade is richly decorated with the stucco decor, as restorers are now working on. Stairways are also restored: enclosures and handrails were cleaned from late paint layers, doorway walls were painted in historic colors revealed in the course of scientific restoration research.

- The Gribovs brothers’ tenement building by G.A. Gelrich, the architect (Bldg.1, 1a Chaplygina Street). Year built - 1900. It is most widely known as “Tabatiere” since Oleg Tabakov’s Moscow Theatre is located just here. Building decor vivid element is represented by entrance spaces’ portals with high reliefs, as well as stained glass assemblies in upper sections of door openings in doorways. These and other facade architectural elements will be restored and re-laid out, if necessary. The works on the recreation of building doorways’ historic look are under way.

Source: mos.ru

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