Old mansions and houses from past decades: renovation of facades in Moscow

January 18
City administration

Painting and covering the walls with protective substances, renovating roofs, strengthening balcony slabs was only a small part of the work that was done to renovate building facades in 2020. As many as 52 facades have been beautified as part of the comprehensive improvement of urban territories, all of them on streets that have also been revamped in recent years.

“Those are mainly houses built in the 1950s – 1980s. But some of them are older. Five are cultural heritage sites – houses, mansions and city estates of the 18th – 20th centuries that contribute to the city’s architectural identity. Their facades have been carefully repaired and restored,” the press service of Moscow’s Department for Major Housing Repairs said.

One of the buildings that experts worked on was merchant Nikolai Terentyev’s former mansion. The Empire style four-story building (at 8 Petrovsky Pereulok,  Bldg.1) was built in 1833 designed by famous architect Osip Bove. At the beginning of the last century, the house was rebuilt by architect Illarion Ivanov-Schits, and its facade acquired some features of the Art Nouveau style. Two more floors were added in the 1930s.

“Experts have restored and recreated more than 50 elements of stucco decoration. For example, there are female mascarons above the windows, as well as lion head mascarons,” the press service added.

The facades of the former merchant's mansion were also cleared of dirt and dust. The craftsmen restored the plaster layer, and painted the walls in several shades of green (the lower part of the building is darker than the upper one). Brown-beige and grey colours were chosen for the stucco decorations. All work was carried out under the supervision of Moscow’s Department of Cultural Heritage and according to the project approved by the department.

How building facades are renovated

In most of the projects, the renovators used scaffolding. However, if a house had a complex geometric shape, they opted for industrial mountaineering or construction cradles. The repair technology depended on the type of facade. For example, facades with a stucco finish were first cleared of dust, dirt, old paint layers and swollen plaster. After that cracks were repaired and the walls were covered with putty and primed. Then the surfaces were treated with special anti-mould and mildew compounds. The final stage in the repair of such walls was repainting done in accordance with the building’s passport of colour appearance.

This passport is a document created before the start of the renovation project. It describes the appearance of the building, the colours of each element and every architectural detail. The passport includes all the colour options that can be used when painting. When choosing the colour, they take into account the stylistic attributes of the street, the architectural features of the house, and its historical characteristics.

The unplastered brick facades were also initially cleared of dust and dirt. After that, experts checked the strength of the masonry. If necessary, they repaired cracks or replaced missing bricks. In order to preserve the facade for the longest possible period, its surface was covered with special frost-resistant, water-repellent and airtight substances. If the brick façade had been painted before, it was repainted in accordance with the colour passport.

Additional works were carried out if necessary, such as replacing the window slopes, metal sills, or drainpipes. The renovators also inspected the roofs and balconies. As many as 35 roofs were repaired last year.

Every year, the Department for Major Housing Repairs repairs the facades of dozens of buildings on well-maintained streets around the city. All repairs and renovations in architectural landmarks and houses designated as cultural heritage facilities are supervised by the Department of Cultural Heritage.

 

Source: mos.ru

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