Nizhegorodskaya Transport Interchange Hub Most important info on the project nominated for the international award

May 4
Transport

The Nizhegorodskaya Transport Interchange Hub (TIH) did not exist just several years ago, but today this large-scale project is nominated for a prestigious world architecture and construction award, MIPIM Awards. This is one of the most reputable industry awards. Such landmark projects in the capital city as the Zaryadye Park with a concert hall and the Irina Viner-Usmanova’s Gymnastics Palace were awarded by the MIPIM jury. However, such attention to a transport facility is quite uncommon.

Now the MIPIM Awards jury is making a short list of nominees, while the competition results will be announced next autumn. Read mos.ru to learn more about the TIP combining the Nekrasovskaya (and in the future – the Bolshaya Koltsevaya) Metro Line, the Moscow Central Circle (MCC), the Gorky direction of the Moscow Railway (future MCD-4), and land transport.

What does the Nizhegorodskaya TIH consist of?

The Nizhegorodskaya hub is ultimately one of the largest transport hubs – not only in Moscow but also in Europe. It is located on the border of Nizhegorodsky and Lefortovo Districts. Its first stage was opened on 27 March, 2020, simultaneously with Nekrasovskaya Metro Line extension and Nizhegorodskaya station opening.

In addition to it, the hub includes the similarly-named MCC stations, the Gorky direction of the Moscow Railway and land transport stops. In the future, the radial line of the railway will become part of MCD-4, which will connect Aprelevka and Zheleznodorozhny. More passengers will eventually take the TIH when the Bolshaya Koltsevaya Line becomes fully operational. Currently, only Nekrasovskaya Line trains come to the Nizhegorodskaya metro station, but later trains running on the BKL will also stop here.

In the future, the daily capacity of the hub will be more than 100 thousand people.

They were the scale, ease of passengers’ movement and project versatility specifically to become the key reasons to nominate the Nizhegorodskaya TIH for the international award.

“The modern construction technologies made it possible to implement sophisticated architectural solutions in the TIH project, although the work was carried out in the conditions of dense urban development. As a result, we created not only a nice-looking but also a functional transfer hub. It substantially eased the travel of a large number of passengers at one place: they can transfer quickly and without going outside. All this makes it possible to put the facility on a par with world’s best transport hubs (for example, the World Trade Centre hub in New York opened in 2016),” explains Yury Kravtsov, General Director of Mosinzhproekt acting as the general contractor and general designer of the transport interchange hub.

Today, modern TIHs not only distribute passenger flows but also become full-fledged public spaces. With time, various commercial facilities will appear in the Nizhegorodskaya TIH, in particular, a shopping centre and related infrastructure, including public catering facilities for passengers. The My Documents public service centre is also planned to be opened in the TIH.

A part of the transport hub is a five-storey monolithic reinforced concrete building. Railway ticket offices will appear at the lower levels of the building. Here there will be passenger crossings between metro, railway and MCC stations, as well as shopping facilities. The builders plan to complete the construction in the near future.

The building outline may resemble a giant ship. Along its perimeter, this vessel-like building is encircled with a huge glass stained glass window having an area of about five thousand square metres with a “deckhouse” shaped as an atrium dome. It has an atrium with natural light inside. Another interesting feature of the building is its operational roof where utility systems imitating ship elements are located.

The area in front of the TIH is decorated with an unusual art object being 15 metres high with multi-coloured lighting — “The Moscow Rings.” A stainless steel stele has the shape of a sphere surrounded by a Moebius strip. It symbolises the Moscow rings — the Moscow Central Circle and the Bolshaya Koltsevaya Line of the metro, while the cylindrical holes on it are the stations. The ball in the centre represents a system of lines and stations within the Moscow Metro Circle Line. It is noteworthy that the art object also has a utilitarian function: it covers the ventilation shaft of the Nizhegorodskaya metro station.

Transfer hub of exquisite workmanship

The Nizhegorodskaya TIH is one of the most sophisticated but at the same time necessary projects for the city, Yury Kravtsov is sure. The project is ongoing, but the contractors have already completed the main task — they have connected all the main types of public transport.

With excavators, bulldozers, loaders and other types of equipment at their disposal, thousands of builders were working near the existing railway and a busy highway where traffic never stopped for a minute and there was a dense flow of cars. The task was complicated by a large number of underground utilities located near the metro, the MCC and the Moscow Railway, and the Ryazansky Avenue under construction and in operation. Part of the construction work was carried out almost in the bed of the Nishchenka River, which was enclosed into an underground tunnel.

Another complication was the Church of the Sign built in 1784 and located in the territory adjacent to the TIH. This neighbourhood required the workers to be extremely precise in their work. They managed to complete their task successfully: all the work was carried out without interruption of traffic on the existing transport arteries of the city. The use of modern technologies made it possible to minimise, and namely – reduce to zero, the impact of construction on the cultural heritage site. The area around the church was landscaped.

Almost a hundred stations of the European level

The Nizhegorodskaya TIH is one of the largest but not the only transfer hub that has appeared in the capital city in recent years. 41 transport hubs have already been built in Moscow. The new TIHs unite urban transport into a single system, and trips around Moscow become faster and more comfortable.

Such facilities include convenient and safe passages, lobbies with turnstiles, elevators, escalators, and platforms with canopies. Transfer to the metro, MCC, railway and land public transport becomes convenient and accessible, literally – “under a single roof.” At the same time, passenger comfort is not affected by weather — one can get from a subway car to a bus stop through covered galleries. No need to worry about rain or snowfall.

“It is not enough today just to build new metro stations and develop roads to create an efficient transport system in a megalopolis like Moscow. It is also extremely important to link all types of urban transport; for this purpose, we are implementing a large-scale programme on the construction of transport hubs in the capital city,” said Andrey Bochkarev, Deputy Mayor of Moscow at the Moscow Government for Urban Planning Policy and Construction.

In the near future, it is planned to create 98 transport hubs in the capital city. These include both small facilities where one can transfer between two types of transport, and large ones that include parking for private cars and other infrastructure in addition to metro, railway and land urban transport.

For example, the Tsaritsyno shopping centre will be built in the south of Moscow. It will include similarly-named metro stations and the second Moscow Central Diameter (MCD-2), as well as land transport stops. Now the project is undergoing an approval stage. The layout for the Petrovsko-Razumovskaya TIH have already been approved.

The new Vostochny Railway Station for long-distance trains being very important for the entire city will open in May. It will become part of the large transport hub Cherkizovo. Most of the long-distance trains that currently arrive or pass through the Kursky Railway Station will be transferred to Vostochny. These are the Strizh and Lastochka trains cruising between Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Ivanovo, as well as transit trains from St. Petersburg and Murmansk going through the capital city to Adler, Anapa, Belgorod, and other Russian cities.

Source: mos.ru

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