Neoclassical mansion and terraced park: how Guseva Polosa estate was restored

March 7

The old Guseva Polosa estate restoration has been completed. It is located on the Skolkovo innovation center territory. Not only the neoclassical mansion, but the terraced park either were put in order.

The name of the estate - Guseva Polosa - was first mentioned in historical documents of the XVIII century. The main house and park that have survived to this day date back to the early XX century. The fact is that in 1911 the estate was acquired by the civil engineer Alexander Shumilin. According to his project, a two-storey mansion with a stone foundation and wooden walls was erected.

Facades were plastered, decorated with columns of the Corinthian order, porticoes, a triangular pediment, stucco and medallions with antique profiles. A semicircular veranda was added to the building northern facade. The house was equipped with engineering innovations of that time - central heating, sewerage, ventilation, electric lighting, bathrooms, warm water closets.

Alexander Shumilin also transformed the surrounding area. A retaining wall was built, and a terraced park was laid out on the slopes leading to the ravine. A rectangular pond was dug to the east of the manor house (lost in the 1920s). In addition, an alley leading from the road to the building northern facade was planted.

After the revolution, the estate was nationalized, and the house was used for various needs. For example, in the 1960s, it hosted a sanatorium. And since late 1990s, the building has not been used and began deteriorating gradually.

“The restoration of another Moscow estate has been completed. Since 2015, restorers have carefully restored the former brilliance of the Guseva Polosa estate main house and park. Prior to starting works, it has not been used for about two decades and came into an emergency state. During the restoration, experts returned the historical appearance to both facades and the interior of the mansion. These were really large-scale works. They passed under the supervision of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow,” - Alexei Yemelyanov, the head of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow commented.

Experts have strengthened the foundation and ceilings, sorted out the blockhouse, restored the roof, dormer windows, and adjusted building facades. Window and door frames, as well as a staircase leading to a semicircular veranda near the northern facade, were recreated by historical patterns.

Large-scale restoration work was also carried out inside the mansion. According to surviving samples, restorers recreated the parquet flooring, plastered and covered walls with fabric wallpaper. In the second floor premises, in the main vestibule, as well as on the walls along the stairs historical doorways have been opened.

The restoration work also affected the estate park. There, the retaining terrace wall was repaired, and the area near the house was landscaped.

Guseva Polosa estate has the status of an identified cultural heritage site.

The Guest House is planned to be located in the former house of engineer Shumilin.

The preservation and restoration of landmark buildings in Moscow is the most important direction in the work of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow. Many of them take on new life, they are adapted for modern use, while maintaining their historical appearance. Since 2011, more than 1,500 cultural heritage sites have been restored in the city, of which 117 in 2020.


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