Moscow expands borders: Main Archive Directorate on history of administrative division

August 22
Social sector

Moscow’s city borders have not always been what they are today. The Main Archive Directorate has a document in its collection that was published by the newspaper Pravda on 19 August 1960. This executive order of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Presidium concerns expanding the city borders, changing the territorial and administrative division of Moscow and transferring the territory of the protective green belt around Moscow under the administrative and economic supervision of the Moscow City Soviet of Workers’ Deputies. Under this executive order, on 11 November 1960, the Moscow Soviet’s Executive Committee passed a decision on changing the administrative and territorial borders.

Arkhangelskoye Estate surroundings. 1930s. Moscow's Main Archive Directorate

It was an important milestone in the capital’s development as such towns as Babushkin, Kuntsevo, Lyublino, Perovo and Tushino, as well as several workers’ and suburban towns and rural communities in the Moscow Region, were included in Moscow’s territory. Seventeen districts were created instead of the twenty that existed before.

Moscow’s Likhachev Automobile Factory workers on an outing in a forest outside Moscow. Photo by N. Maksimov. May 1960. Moscow's Main Archive Directorate

Moscow’s protective green belt was divided into five districts: Balashikhinsky, Krasnogorsky, Lyuberetsky, Mytishchinsky and Ulyanovsky . These districts included nine towns (Mytishchi, Balashikha, Reutov, Lyubertsy, Lytkarino, Odintsovo, Krasnogorsk, Khimki and Dolgoprudny), workers’ areas, suburban towns and more than 600 small villages.

Boarders from a school return from skiing in a forest during the winter. Photo by V. Akhlomov. 1962. Moscow's Main Archive Directorate

The Moscow City Executive Committee revised the administrative and territorial borders of the Balashikhinsky, Kalininsky, Kievsky, Krasnopresnensky, Krasnogorsky, Leningradsky, Leninsky, Mytishchinsky, Moskvoretsky, Oktyabrsky, Proletarsky, Timiryazevsky and Ulyanovsky districts.

In the Marfino park. Photo by Z. Sudareva. Marfino, Mytishchi District, Moscow Region. 1964. Moscow's Main Archive Directorate

When mapping the new borders, the city officials made sure to preserve the historically established city plan with radial and circular links between the districts, and to divide the city into approximately equal parts with a similar population size. The balanced distribution of the public utility services was another goal. Thanks to the drastic expansion of the city territory, the excessive population within the Garden Ring was redistributed to other areas while urban development projects also moved to the outlying districts. Large-scale housing construction began on the unoccupied territories.

The Meadow of Fairy Tales at Mytishchi Lesparkhoz. Photo by G. Shpunkin. October 26, 1979. Moscow's Main Archive Directorate

Source: mos.ru

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