Metro and roads: Moscow’s transport system is expanding rapidly

November 24, 2020

Over the past ten years, the city has achieved unprecedented progress in expanding its transport system. A programme to double the length of metro lines by 2025 is now 65 percent complete. The city’s total roadway length has increased by over 1,000 km, according to Andrei Bochkaryov, Deputy Moscow Mayor for Urban Development and Construction.

“Moscow’s Stroicomplex continues to expand the city’s transport systems. Since early 2020, we have built 15.6 km of new metro lines with six new stations. There are plans to open three more stations before the year is out. We are building the Big Circle Line, a key metro construction project that circles the city, faster than planned. This major project is scheduled to be completed by 2023. Since 2011, the city has built at least 100 km of new highways each year. In 2020 alone, 103 km of roads have opened, with 23 structural facilities and 17 pedestrian crossings since the beginning of the year,” he added.

According to Mr Bochkaryov, the city is working to integrate the various transport systems into a single coordinated system and to resolve the transport problems that have accumulated all over the city in the past few decades. This is the overall goal for municipal transport development in Moscow.

“Since 2011, we have upgraded and expanded 15 high priority outbound motorways routes and replaced 17 MKAD (Moscow Ring Road) obsolete cloverleaf interchanges. We are now working to complete a system of expressways to effectively resolve the city’s transport problems. The system is now 72 percent complete,” Mr Bochkaryov noted.

The North-West Expressway is completely finished, and traffic is now plying six sections of the North-East Expressway, as well as three sections of the Southern Expressway. The South-East Expressway is also now under construction.

“We have started construction of the final section of the North-East Expressway linking the Otkrytoye and Yaroslavskoye motorways. After reviewing the alternatives, we decided to build the highway along the Moscow Central Circle railway’s route. The new highway will not interfere with the park-reserve’s specially protected nature area,” Mr Bochkaryov explained. He noted that construction only began after all the permits had been obtained.

When completed, the final section of the North-East Expressway will connect the newly-built northern and eastern sections and provide full motorway speeds and non-stop traffic through three administrative areas. The North-East Expressway’s new section will maintain high-speed traffic between the Yaroslavskoye and Otkrytoye motorways, redistribute traffic flow in the northeastern districts and reduce congestion on the Yaroslavskoye, Dmitrovskoye, Shcholkovskoye and Enthuziastov motorways. City residents will spend up to 40 minutes less traveling between the northern and eastern districts. The expressway will also make it possible to link the Moscow-St Petersburg federal route and the planned Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod-Kazan route which will include new connector ramps.

Photo by Yevgeny Samarin, Press Service of the Mayor and Moscow Government

The North-East Expressway will pass through 26 city districts and ten major industrial zones, and it will facilitate future development in these areas. This new city route will provide access to 12 transit links and hubs, 21 metro and MCC stations, as well as stations on the Moscow Central Diameters 1 (MCD-1) railway and the unfinished MCD-3 route.

The North-East Expressway will link the city’s major motor roads, including the MKAD, and the Enthuziastov, Izmailovskoye, Shcholkovskoye, Otkrytoye, Yaroslavskoye, Altufyevskoye and Dmitrovskoye motorways. It will also provide access to 15 major avenues, including Festivalnaya, Selskokhozyaistvennaya, Amurskaya, Shcherbakovskaya, Perovskaya, Yunosti, and Papernika streets and others.

The project is to be completed in 2022.

The North-East Expressway has both transport and environmental significance and will reduce the length of heavily used sections by 71 km. Traffic will be reduced by 40,000 vehicles per hour. This will make it possible to reduce toxic vehicle emissions by at least ten percent.

According to Mr Bochkaryov, 1,850 trees and 9,980 shrubs, including a two-row hedge, will be planted along the expressway under local improvement projects. Six-metre tall light and noise barriers will be built along the road near Losiny Ostrov (Elk Island). Other barriers will prevent animals from wandering onto the carriageway. All this will help protect local animal species. It is also intended to build a pedestrian crossing to connect northeast Moscow’s parks into the Yauza super-park.


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