Lime trees, elms and silver maples: trees growing now in the landscaped streets of Moscow

December 10, 2019
Construction and renovation

Tree planting has been completed in Moscow, with 1,200 young large-sized plants now decorating squares, streets and lanes. The new 10 to 25-year-old trees are 5 to 10 high. These are strong young plants, with their species and varieties specially selected to fit the megacity environment.

The landscaping was in full swing from late October till early December. Late autumn and early winter is the best time to plant large-sized trees, as they are already dormant and thus endure transportation and replanting much better, and get accustomed to the new place in spring easier.

Large-sized trees have been planted in streets and squares included in this year’s comprehensive landscaping programme. This is Rozhdestvenka Street, including the grounds of the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Zvonari, the Nativity Convent and Moscow Institute of Architecture, Ostozhenka Street with adjacent lanes, Shkolnaya Street and lanes near Patriarshye Ponds, Ozerkovskaya and Ovchinnikovskaya embankments. There are new trees in Chaplygina Street, near Kievsky Railway Station, in Tsentralny Prospekt (Zelenograd), Solomennaya Storozhka passage, Shipilovskaya Street, with the Victory Park still being landscaped.

Photo: Evgeny Samarin

'Most trees have been planted near Kievsky Railway Station, on the square in front of it, as well as in Bolshaya Dorogomilovskaya, Bryanskaya, Kievskaya, Studencheskaya, Smolenskaya, Rayevskogo and Mozhaisky Val streets. In total, there are 405 new trees now. Almost half of them are Pallida lime trees. They are tall and have a thick cone-shaped crown. Lime trees are grow quick, reaching 35 m in height. Their leaves are bright green in summer to become golden yellow by autumn. Lime trees bloom in midsummer. Their small yellow-green inflorescences give a pleasant and strong fragrance,' told the Press Service of the Moscow Department of Capital Improvements and Repairs.

Pallida lime trees are the most common trees in the streets of Moscow. They are both beautiful, easy to care and resistant to urban pollution. Besides, they have an even crown, easy to groom.

In addition to lime trees, poplars, elms, Norway and silver maples, red oaks, firs, rowans and hawthorn trees have been planted in the area of Kievsky Railway Station.

Pedestrianised this year, Shkolnaya Street has now thirty 25 cm thick Lobel elm trees aged about 20. They are 5-7 m high. Elm branches grow vertically, forming a dense crown. They can be up to 18 m high. In summer, large serrated elm leaves are glossy and dark green. In autumn, they turn ochry. Elms are also easy to grow, resistant to disease and well adjusted to megacity environment.

'Tsentralny Prospekt in Zelenograd has now 250 lindens and maples planted. Old streets and lanes of the centre of Moscow are decorated with some 300 trees, including lindens, maples, rowans, elms, decorative apple trees and bird cherry trees,' the Department told.

The trees, as usual, were planted at night, so that not to hamper traffic and not to disturb citizens. During the works, the traffic on the last lane was temporarily limited to deliver large-sized  trees and install equipment.

Before the planting, specialists conducted a preliminary survey of plants and soil. Trees were planted in ready-made pits with fertile soil, with a special expanded clay drainage layer on the bottom to prevent roots from rotting and provide necessary air circulation. After planting, the trunks were covered with a reed braid to protect them from mechanical damage. Trunk circles were covered with wood chips to protect the roots from the cold and prevent from dirt and anti-icing agents’ penetration.

The same as previous years, the trees were specially selected for each street to meet the landscaping concept, taking into account the look of the street space and the change of leaf colours during the year. Besides, these tree species are frost- and wind-resistant, and well-adjusted to the megacity environment.


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