Kuznetsov’s mansion: A Cruel Romance filming location and other interesting facts

January 22
Culture

The Department of Cultural Heritage has afforded protection to the main estate building of architect Alexander Kuznetsov (1874–1954). The architect, an adherent of Moscow Art Nouveau and Constructivism as well as a founder of the Russian school of industrial architecture, lived and worked here in 1915–1954.

The protection of the one-storey mansion at 11 Mansurovsky Pereulok covers the location, the layout and all the valuable elements of the building’s look. Experts determined the historical and artistic value of the fence, facades and the interior of the building.

The facades feature the Empire style, while the interiors reflect the Neoclassical and Russian Revival (Pseudo-Russian) styles. The building was granted the status of a federal cultural heritage site and is protected by the state. Alexander Kuznetsov’s descendants currently reside there.

The estate’s history started in the 1820s: then the main house in the Empire style was completely made of wood. The building took on its present appearance in 1915, when well-known Moscow architect Alexander Kuznetsov purchased the estate for himself and his family. The new master of the house decided to rebuild it to his own design.

As a result, the house’s area considerably grew. For example, the house got an attic visible from the yard. In the attic were the rooms of the architect’s three daughters. In addition, the mansion was connected to an outbuilding and a stonework wing was constructed. It accommodated the architect’s study and workshop.

“Kuznetsov practically did not change the decoration of the facades. Stucco ornaments in the Empire style – cornices, bas-reliefs with ancient scenes and medallions – were left on all the outside walls. And the tall blind wooden fence connected to the house was destroyed. It was replaced by a stone fence with forged open-work grating and a small — slightly more than a metre high — wooden door. You can see it, by the way, in the film A Cruel Romance by Eldar Ryazanov. It was this door that Larisa Ogudalova and Paratov used to escape from the dinner party at Karandyshev’s house: the film director made his home in this house in Mansurovsky Pereulok,” said Alexei Yemelyanov, Head of Moscow’s  Department of Cultural Heritage.

The building’s interior decorations are also of great value. They were designed by Kuznetsov himself. Almost all the rooms are decorated in the Neoclassical style, with only one — the dining room — in the Russian Revival style.

The central element in the dining room is the tiled stove. The tiles depict a double-headed eagle and the House of Romanov coat of arms with a gryphon. The walls still flaunt wallpaper with paintings against a bright gold background, which was displayed at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900. It was artist and art critic Nikolai Sobolev who gave the wallpaper to Kuznetsov.

The dining room is adjacent to the blue-and-white drawing room. It features imitation marble columns. The architect’s study has a tall stove covered with white tiles. Behind it is an exedra with a balcony, accessible by an unnoticeable narrow spiral staircase.

These and other interior elements are under protection. Alexei Yemelyanov recalled that now restoration of the mansion must take into account its protected areas.

Alexander Kuznetsov headed the construction of several landmark buildings in Moscow. They include the Zhukovsky Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Radio Street, the All-Russian Electrotechnical Institute in Krasnoznamenskaya Street, and the Moscow Textile Institute (now a division of Kosygin Russian State University) in Malaya Kaluzhskaya Street.

Source: mos.ru

Share
If you continue to use our website, you are agreeing to accept the use of cookies on your device. Cookie files ensure the website’s efficiency and help us provide you with the most interesting and relevant information. Read more about cookie files.
Accept ccokies