In the style of Moscow baroque: the subject of protection of the Sverchkov’s chambers has been approved

June 7
Culture

The Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage approved protection for the merchant Sverchkov’s chambers. A two-story red brick building on a white-stone ground floor was erected at the turn of the 16th-17th centuries. This is one of the surviving monuments of pre-Petrine secular architecture. The building is located at: 8, Sverchkov lane, building 3. Its facades are decorated in the Moscow Baroque style. The experts note that the design of the facades appeared during the reconstruction of the chambers in 1680.

“The chambers in Sverchkov Lane are a unique monument of pre-Petrine civil architecture. Only a few chambers from the turn of the 16th-17th centuries have survived in Moscow. After conducting research, the experts included for protection the valuable elements of facades and interiors, which form the historical appearance of the chambers. In addition to architecture, the history of the house is also interesting. For example, in the second half of the 18th century, the Sverchkov’s chambers were sold for a craft school and Kamenny Prikaz. This department monitored implementation of the “State Plan for the Development of Moscow”, the head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov said.

Initially, the building belonged to the merchant Sverchkov, who lived there with his three sons. The house had a large pond and gardens (they have not survived to this day), and behind them there was an Assumption Church, built at the expense of the merchant, facing the Pokrovka Street. It was destroyed in the 1930s.

In 1680, the appearance of the merchants' chambers changed dramatically. Their area was tripled by a two-story brick extension. The project author is unknown. The building facades were decorated in the Moscow Baroque style. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the chambers were privately owned. They were repeatedly rebuilt, but the design of the facades in the Moscow Baroque style and the layout of the building have been preserved.

The rows of windows were decorated with keeled platbands. The paired semi-columns, as well as cornices and square decorative brickwork (a square or rectangular depression in the wall, decorated with a multi-stage frame) can be seen on the walls of the building. These and other architectural elements were included for protection.

The interior details dating from the 17th – 19th centuries were also recognized as valuable. They include a 19th century tiled stove and stucco decoration of the rooms. These are pilasters, panels, stucco ceiling cornices and rosettes, wide door frames with stucco overdoors (decorative composition located above the door), mascarons.

In the 1970s, the building underwent a comprehensive restoration. Currently it houses the State Russian House of Folk Art named after V.D. Polenov.

Sverchkov’s chambers are a cultural heritage site of federal significance. The building is under state protection. Any restoration work in it can only be carried out taking into account the confirmed protected subject according to the project agreed by Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage and under supervision of the department specialists.

 

Source: mos.ru

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