How automated ticket machines appeared in Moscow transport

January 5

Moscow of the early 1960s began developing ticket machines to be installed in the passenger compartment of buses, trams and trolleybuses. The Glavarchiv has documents about this invention that came to be an irreplaceable item in urban transport.

Automatic coinbox protected against frauds

The Department of Machine Building and the Central Design Bureau for the Meat and Dairy Industry Equipment Design was engaged in creating a ticket machine for passenger transport. By that time, these organizations had extensive experience in designing automated equipment and could help create a model of the electromechanical ticket machine. However, the ticket machine was finally devised by innovators of the Bus Garage No.3. Later in 1963, the automatic ticket machine was tested in one of the buses to see how ticket selling takes place.

The new ticket machine had three coin boxes. One accepted coins of one, two, three and five kopecks, and the other two — 10 and 15 kopecks. The change in the machine was not provided. But it contained a device that prevented fare evasion. There was also a device for screening out and returning coins of one and two kopecks to the passenger if they were dropped into the wrong coin box.

Convenient and efficient

The bus ticket machine was tested by a special commission where representatives of the Moscow City Council, the Central Design Bureau and the Passenger Transport Department of the Moscow City Executive Committee participated. The machines were tested on buses that ran a route with a poor road surface to have the utmost of the checking. Two weeks of testing proved that the ticket machine works steadily, moreover passengers liked it. The testing also showed that there was no gap between the number of tickets and the actual revenue.

Then the automatic ticket machine was tested on trolleybus routes. Besides, three and five kopecks coins counter was adjusted and the disconnection of coin boxes for 10 and 15 kopecks was tested. The efficiency in terms of revenue was also confirmed in trolleybuses.

In addition, the new equipment greatly simplified the cash collection. Cassettes with declared value determined by the automatic counter were handed over to a State Bank cashier without recounting. This resulted in reducing the personnel of cashiers at transport enterprises.

Beside the ticket machines, manual ticket-punches were installed in land transport. Using them, passengers who used ticket books as travel fare could punch ticket themselves. Such ticket punches helped passengers buy the right number of travel tickets in advance.

Once the tests were completed, active production and installation of ticket machines and ticket punches began on all passenger transport routes. Thanks to the new equipment, there was no more need in conductors. Passengers could now buy and punch their own travel tickets themselves. Over time, all this new equipment has become an integral part of the capital's transport for many years.


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