Hips and domes: the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary will be restored in Veshnyaki

November 8
Culture

The Department of Cultural Heritage approved the restoration project of the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Veshnyaki. The church was built in 1645 by the boyar Fyodor Sheremetyev, who held important government posts under Tsar Mikhail Fyodorovich.

Fyodor Sheremetyev was unhappy in family life - all his wives and male heirs died. He made a vow to build churches in his village Veshnyakovo and fulfilled it. And in 1649, six months before his death, he took monastic vows.

The building is a unique example of temple architecture of the mid-17th century, combining both domed and hipped roofs — tent roofs characteristic of ancient Russian architecture. This is a two-storey stone-brick church on a basement with side-chapels and a bell tower, which were erected later. By the will of Patriarch Nikon, an opponent of hipped-roof architecture, the side-altars were decorated with domes instead of hipped roofs.

“The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Veshnyaki is one of the gems of the region. It belongs to the first church buildings erected in the capital and suburbs after the end of the Time of Troubles. Now the temple needs restoration. Its project was already approved, all work will be under the control of our department," Alexei Yemelyanov, head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage, said.

The restorers will reinforce the foundation and the entrance to the basement, replace the ceilings, repair brick Monier vaults and renew the waterproofing of the walls. In addition, specialists will restore the lost architectural element - the kokoshnik on the quadrangle of the church (the main part of the quadrangular building). The drainage system, the porch from the western façade, and the church fence will be restored. In addition, a new ramp will be equipped.

Inside, flooring, wooden stairs, iron doors, as well as wooden windows and doors from the 19th century will be renovated.

Before preparing the restoration project, the specialists carried out comprehensive scientific research. The laboratories carefully analyzed the composition and properties of the original building and finishing materials, carried out chemical-technological and mycological analyzes.

During its 370-year history, the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been either a house or a parish church. It was rebuilt several times, and restored in recent decades.

Nowadays, elements of not only the 17th, but also of the 18th and 19th centuries were preserved in its architecture. Among them are Monier vaults, academic oil painting in interiors, old iconostases and individual icons signed by the artist of the last third of the 17th - early 18th centuries, Tikhon Filatiev, as well as an openwork metal fence, doors and windows. At the beginning of the last century, the facades received a new plaster decor, and the white stone floors were partially replaced by polychrome concrete mosaics.

The church operated until 1940. During the Great Patriotic War, it housed a warehouse, a tank engine repair workshop, then a canteen and a stable. In 1947, the temple was returned to the believers, and over the next few years, restoration work was carried out in it.

The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a recognized landmark building and a cultural heritage site of federal significance. Since 2011, more than 1.6 thousand sites of cultural heritage were restored in Moscow.

Source: mos.ru

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