Helmet, Dutch tiles: the restoration of a large-scale collection of archaeological finds completed

June 26

Moscow archaeologists have restored one of the largest collections of archaeological finds of the 14th-18th centuries. All of them were discovered in 2017 in the Birzhevaya Square - these are household and personal piety items (crosses, icons), military ammunition, arms, as well as fragments of ceramics.

"The restoration of one of the largest collections of archaeological finds of recent years has been completed. These are more than 900 artifacts, of which about 400 are items of arms and army clothing. The collection also includes more than a thousand fragments of ceramics. Now all the finds are ready for handing over to the museum collection of the city," Alexey Yemelyanov, the Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow, commented.

Experts have put in order silver coins of the 14th-15th centuries, as well as things that Muscovites used in the 16th-18th centuries. Among them there are wooden cups and a koromyslo, a bowl made of non-ferrous metal with an Arabic inscription, keys, fragments of leather products - shoes, belts from scabbards. A particularly thorough and careful restoration was required for the icon made of non-ferrous metal with the image of the Mother of God, body crosses and icon pendants.

In addition, the collection contains the finds related to jewelry - an anvil, a jewelry hammer and ceramic sagger (special pots that were used for the primary smelting metal from ore). Experts suggest that in the 18th century there was a jewelry workshop on the place of the current Birzhevaya Square.

Of particular interest is the so-called military complex of finds of the late 16th-early 17th century, for example, a perfectly preserved iron helmet of the Misr type (or misyurka). It was a semicircular metal plate that covered only the crown of head, and a long chain ring mesh was attached to its edges. This type of helmet was widespread in Russia in the 16th century.

There is also an iron hand protector in the collection - a piece of suite of armor that protected the warrior. It was worn over chain mail. In addition, details of rifles (arquebuses and fusils), arrowheads, as well as a fragment of bladed weapons were restored.

The museum collection will also restocked with ceramic items of the 14th-18th centuries found in the Birzhevaya Square - green-blazed (covered with transparent green glaze) stove tiles, fragments of a red ware amphora of the 14th century, as well as dishes of the 16th-18th centuries brought from other countries.

In June, the archaeological season began in Moscow, and it will last until the beginning of October. At this time, excavations, observations, and studies are carried out. In 2021, specialists will conduct field work at more than 800 sites, two-thirds of them are located on the TiNAO (Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative districts) territory.

Preservation of such finds is an important part of archaeologists work. The process is divided into two stages. During the laboratory investigation, the soil is removed, the restoration itself can take from a week to several years (depending on the complexity of the artifact and its condition). Last year, more than 15 thousand artifacts were found in Moscow.

Photos are provided by the press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow

Source: mos.ru

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