Golden Horde coins and oriental jewellery: New archaeological finds in Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas

June 29

Over a thousand artefacts from the 14th-19th centuries have been found in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas. Among them are household and personal items, including cross pendants, fragments of jewellery and horse harnesses, as well as coins. They were found on the banks of the Malaya Sosenka River in the southwest of the Kommunarka township.

These are the sites of two ancient settlements, Sosenki-1 and Sosenki-2, which date back to the 14th -19 th centuries. Until the 16th century, they were part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and then the Moscow County of the Moscow Governorate in the Russia n Empire.

“The artefacts were discovered during a routine archaeological survey. The most valuable items among them are two white metal coins. They were minted in the Golden Horde in the late 14th - early 15th centuries. Most likely, these are dirhams. Such finds are very important for studying the history of the city, because they show the relations between the Muscovy State and the Golden Horde. Experts say that dirhams could have appeared there because along the old Kaluga road, there was a village that serviced members of the Golden Horde in the Duchy of Moscow. It seems that these coins belonged to them,” said Alexei Yemelyanov, Head of Moscow’s Department of Cultural Heritage.

Another interesting item from the Golden Horde times is a bronze clothing accessory, decorated with a floral ornament in the oriental style. Such accessories were worn in the 15th-17th centuries and belonged to either a Golden Horde member or a local rich person. In the 15th century and over several centuries after the Mongol state ceased to exist, oriental or similar jewellery and accessories were in fashion among the Russian people.

Another interesting artefact found in a layer of ash and cinder is a fire-damaged roll of 10 coins made of a white metal. Experts believe it dates back to the second half of the 16th-first half of the 17th centuries. The coins supposedly were stored in a tight leather of fabric purse, which was destroyed in the fire. This sum could have been the savings of a poor person or everyday money of a rich man from a village outside Moscow.

Alexei Yemelyanov said that experts are currently studying the finds. They will be restored and stored at a Moscow archaeological museum.

Moscow has over 400 archaeological landmarks, such as the ruins and remains of ancient buildings, traces of settlements and ancient burial grounds. In the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas, there are 179 such landmarks, one of which is a landmark of federal importance. There are settlements (from the 12th to 18th centuries), burial mounds (the 12th-13th centuries) and ancient towns. The oldest town dates back to the 2nd century BC. All landmarks are in a satisfactory condition.

In 2020 alone, experts have found four burial mounds dating back to the mid-12th-early 13th centuries, which presumably belonged to the Vyatichi. According to experts, this is a rare find and a great piece of luck for archaeologists. They believe that a settlement was located near these mounds. Its precise location is yet to be determined.


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