Glavarchiv: about how the "Botanical Garden" was built, and the result was "Prospect Mira"

January 10
Transport

The Prospekt Mira metro station was originally supposed to have name Botanichesky Sad, but now it belongs to another station of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. The story of its construction and renaming is presented using the documents of the Moscow Glavarchiv (Moscow Main Archive Department) tell.

The Prospekt Mira metro station was originally supposed to have name Botanichesky Sad, but now it belongs to another station of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. The story of its construction and renaming is presented using the documents of the Moscow Glavarchiv (Moscow Main Archive Department) tell.

The project of the future station was approved by the Moscow City Council on September 15, 1950. Famous Soviet architects Vladimir Gelfreikh and Mikhail Minkus, as well as design engineer Boris Prikot worked on its development. The pylon type was chosen for the station — Vladimir Gelfreich already created something similar: together with the architect Igor Rozhin, he designed Electrozavodskaya metro station, which was opened six years earlier.

The new station was named Botanichesky Sad (Botanical Garden) in honor of the nearby "Apothecary Garden" — the Botanical Garden of Lomonosov Moscow State University. It is the oldest botanical garden in the country, founded by Peter I in 1706.

The station design was dedicated to the Stalin reforestation and land-use development plan. According to it, from 1948 to 1953 it was planned to create several vast forest belts over five thousand kilometers in the steppe and forest-steppe regions. The forest belts were supposed to protect from drought, sand and dust storms and help to boost crops.

The architects decided to install marble busts of Russian scientists on 16 pylons of the station, including Mikhail Lomonosov, Dmitry Mendeleyev, Kliment Timiryazev, Ivan Michurin, Vladimir Vernadsky, Vasily Dokuchaev and others.

One of the walls of the central hall was to be decorated with a colored marble mosaic with a map of reforestation. A bas-relief portrait of Joseph Stalin was also placed here — it was dismantled in 1956 after the debunking of the personality cult. Later, the work of Andrei Kuznetsov "Mothers of the World" was installed at this place.

While the station was being built, adjustments were made to the project: instead of busts over the cornices of the pylons, reliefs of wreaths, leaves, buds and banners appeared. They framed images of agronomists, florists and gardeners. The walls of the station were lined with pink Tagil marble.

The Botanichesky Sad station was opened in early 1952, and in 1966 the station changed its name: it was renamed to "Prospekt Mira" facing the street of the same name.

In 1978, the name Botanichesky Sad returned to the metro station map. Then the leading botanical garden of Moscow was the Main Botanical Garden named after N.V. Tsitsin. The new station was named after it.

Source: mos.ru

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