Fountain season begins in Moscow

June 17
Municipal services

Fountains have been activated in Moscow. During the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory, a fountain opening ceremony was held in Victory Park on Poklonnaya Gora, where the Years of War, one of the most beautiful fountain complexes in Moscow, can be found. Other city fountains began shooting water at the same time.

Fountain season will run until 1 October at least, but it could be extended if the weather is good.

“The cold weather in Moscow is over; a real summer has come. Moscow’s fountains, which are a symbol of the city, the symbol of a good mood, have returned. Today all 600 city fountains have been activated making the city especially beautiful and cheerful,” Sergei Sobyanin said.

Years of War fountain complex

The Years of War fountain complex is one of the main gems of the Victory Complex on Poklonnaya Gora. It was designed by Zurab Tsereteli. It was unveiled on 9 May 1995, on the Great Victory’s 50th anniversary.

The main fountain cascade is located at the main alley stretching for several hundred metres from Entrance Square to the Victory Monument. The fountain’s five cascades represent five years, and 225 jets, the 225 weeks of the Great Patriotic War. At night, the jets are illuminated with scarlet to resemble the blood spilled in battlefields. Three bowls in a segmented fountain are to the left of the main monument.

The Years of War fountain complex is the largest in Moscow in terms of water volume pumped (15,000 cubic metres). Deep in the park is a water treatment station that collects water from the fountains, cleans it and returns back. Fresh water is cycled in up to seven times a month. The bowls are cleaned with special cleaners.

The water runs several hundred metres from the pumping station to the fountain via an underground pipe 2.7 km long. Cables and other utility lines are laid next to it.

In 2018–2019, Gormost overhauled the pipeline and the bowls along the main alley in Victory Park; they replaced the concrete surface, added another waterproof layer, resurfaced the granite paving slabs and vertical lining and restored the grilles, lamps and jet elements. Similar work was performed on the segmented fountain.

In addition, last year, Victory Park’s 16.6 hectares were beautified, including the repair of over 134,000 sq m of granite surface. Special care was taken to renovate the historical terraces with memorial stones on the main alley.

Servicing Moscow fountains

Moscow has about 600 fountains, swimming pools and other water systems, including 349 fountains serviced by prefectures and housing management, and 161 used by restaurants, entertainment malls and other commercial facilities. Gormost operates 90 of the most important fountains with architectural and artistic illumination.

In addition to traditional fountains, there are also water works at Vodootvodny Channel as well as four dynamically lit water systems in Gorky Park, the Tsaritsyno Museum Estate, on the square in front of Kievsky Railway Station and Manezhnaya Square.

In recent years, dry fountains (water shooting up from pavements) without bowls have become more popular: they can be found on Birzhevaya Square, Krymskaya Embankment and other places. They are especially popular among children and youth.

A lot of preparations are necessary to begin fountain season.  Gormost and other utility companies clean the bowls from debris left from snow, ice and other rubbish and test the illumination lamps and pipes. Before operations, bowls are washed with water and special cleaners. This cleaning mixture is sprayed under high pressure and is safe for mosaics and granite. The next step is to assemble and regulate the lamp and nozzle equipment. The last step is to check and adjust the fountain using clean water. Preparing large fountains for operation takes up to 20–25 days.

The technical condition of Gormost’s fountains is checked daily. The bowls are washed and water is changed one to seven times per months, depending on the fountain’s design and size. Once a year, in the summer, samples of fountain water are sent for chemical analysis.

Photo: Press Service of Moscow Mayor and the Moscow Government. Maxim Mishin

Moscow’s most famous fountains

Fountains on Manezhnaya Square

The main fountain on Manezhnaya Square is called Geyser: the jets shoot out like a hot spring.

The fountain that sprays the statues of the four horses is called Four Seasons. Right behind the strong horses, a Veil fountain jets above the path. Fairytale characters from Ivan Tsarevich and Vasilisa the Beautiful and a sleeping mermaid in a mosaic imitate the bed of the Neglinka River.

Alexander and Natalie fountain near Nikitskiye Gates

The Alexander and Natalie fountain near Nikitskiye Gates was built to mark the 200th birthday of Alexander Pushkin. It is located near the Great Assumption Church where the poet and Natalya Goncharova, the most beautiful woman in the two capitals, were married. It is noteworthy that the water in the fountain runs through charcoal filters that clean it almost to the state of spring water. People shouldn’t really drink from the fountain, but can wash their faces safely on a hot day.

The Abduction of Europa fountain

The Abduction of Europa fountain designed by Olivier Streble (Belgium) is located on Europe Square in front of Kievsky Railway Station, adjacent to the footbridge across the Moskva River.

Fountains at VDNKh

The Friendship of Nations, Stone Flower and Golden Spike fountains, known all across Russia, have attracted millions of people for almost 70 years.

The Music of Glory fountain

The Music of Glory, one of the largest fountains in Europe, is near Kuzminki metro station. It is full of ideas and symbols. It includes the Fanfares of Victory (21 metres high), the Pyramid of Victory and has falling jets that represent tears and memories as well as jets shooting up and representing holiday fireworks.

Fountain-monument the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy

The fountain at the foundation of the monument to Peter the Great looks like floating waves. The Moskva River serves as the bowl.

Pushkinsky fountain

This fountain was erected in 1950. It has become a common meeting place for Muscovites. Another fountain named Novopushkinsky was unveiled on the other side of the square in 1980.

Light and music fountain in Gorky Park

The fountain in Gorky Park was built for the 1980 Olympics. It glows due to underwater lamps that colour its powerful jets.

Old Circus fountain on Tsvetnoi Boulevard

Clowns are the main figures in this water attraction. A clown with an umbrella balances on a unicycle in the middle of the bowl, his stage.

Turandot Fountain on Arbat Street

The beautiful princess under an intricate baldachin near Vakhtangov Theatre is an Arbat landmark where people meet.

Swimming fountains at Vodootvodny Channel

The four pontoons with pumps on them that shoot beautiful jets, are located at Vodootvodny Canal between the Maly Moskvoretsky and Maly Kamenny bridges. The fountains were unveiled in 1995.

Adam and Eve fountain

The fountain in the public garden near Novokuznetskaya metro station was unveiled in 2008. The fountain is very complicated. Water cascades frame the foundation with sculptures. It has eight pumps of varying power and functions. Decorative illumination creates diversity and an atmosphere unrivaled in the capital.

Repinsky Fountain

The Repinsky Fountain is in front of the famous House on the Embankment near Bolotnaya Square. It was built in 1948 with a classical scheme, with bowls and jets shooting up and to the centre of the fountain.

Dynamically lit fountain at Tsaritsyno Museum Estate

The number of possible hydroplastic figures is almost endless. The acoustic system of the fountain is designed in such a way that music can be heard from almost any bank of the pond.

Vitali’s fountain on Teatralnaya Square

The oldest fountain in Moscow was built in 1827. In the 19th century, water carriers stood here in line in the morning along with locals who went there with buckets. Horses also drank here.

Later, it was decided to decorate the fountain with a design by sculptor Ivan Vitali in 1835. With the development of the Moscow piping system, the fountain lost its function and became another city decoration.

Vitali’s fountain was restored in 1995. It was one of the first fountains in Moscow to get winter LED illumination.

Repairing and renovating Moscow fountains

2014: 17 VDNKh fountains and Girl with a Jar in Gorky Park were repaired.

2015: The Theatre and The 300th Anniversary of the Russian Navy fountains were repaired.

2016: The Repinsky and Krestovsky Viadukt fountains were repaired.

2017–2019: The largest project was the renovation of the historical VDNKh fountains, including 14 fountains in the Central Alley, the Golden Spike, the Stone Flower and the Friendship of Nations fountains.

2018–2019: Fountains in Victory Park on Poklonnaya Gora and the dynamically lit fountain in Gorky Park were repaired.

Source: mos.ru

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