Electric bus. Everything you need to know about eco-friendly urban transport

November 4, 2019
Science and innovation

New, comfortable and modern... They hit Moscow streets in September 2018. Electric buses. They carry passengers from early morning till late at night.

Moscow is switching to e-buses for a number of reasons. E-buses are more environmentally friendly then regular ones, as they do not generate harmful emissions. Their advantage over trolleybuses is their mobility and the ability to run any street, regardless of the overhead catenary. In addition, the total cost of electric bus maintenance is 10% lower than that of a trolleybus.

Advantages of electric buses have long been appreciated in many countries of the world. They run in Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, some countries of continental Europe, China and Belarus. The service life of electric buses is 15 years under the terms of the service contract.

There are more than 220 e-buses in Moscow running along 14 routes: Т14, Т25, Т36, Т42, Т47, Т56, Т73, Т76, Т80, Т83, 107, 649, 778, Sk. About 135,000 people use them daily.

Some e-buses hit the route at 04:00 am, with the latest bus carrying passengers after midnight. The driver always checks the bus before taking the route, running the automatic diagnostic system through the on-board computer, inspects the cabin, checks the tires and wipers. There is also a married couple among e-bus drivers. They come to the bus depot together and get ready for the route.

An e-bus can carry 85 passengers and has 30 seats. With their low floor, the ramp and boarding/alighting space, e-buses are convenient for everyone, including passengers with disabilities. 

Here are climate control systems, satellite navigation, USB charging ports, information media screens and free Wi-Fi.  E-buses are almost noiseless.

They are charged with a pantograph at ultrafast charging points at the route terminal. It takes 6 to 15 minutes to recharge the battery. Weather conditions do not affect this process. One of the places where you can watch the electric buses charging is in the VDNKh area, under the monorail overpass.

Since September 2018, electric buses have carried more than 16 million passengers. Citizens prefer this type of transport due to its environmental friendliness and comfort. E-bus noise and vibration levels are 30% lower than that of a regular bus.

E-buses are serviced daily. After the working day, the driver takes the bus to the service centre to have a full cycle of work to prepare it for a new shift. They wash it, clean and disinfect the interior, check the steering, brakes, compressor, lighting, hydro- and other systems that affect traffic safety. All this takes about an hour.

The onboard computer constantly monitors the system. The driver can quickly contact the dispatcher to solve urgent issues remotely or to have specialists sent.

KamAZ and GAZ group supply e-buses to Moscow. Under service contracts, manufacturers are liable for proper performance of e-buses and their charging stations. They maintain and repair electric buses, and, if necessary, replace parts and components.

Soon, KamAZ is to launch the production of electric buses and electric components in Moscow. The Engineering and Production Centre is to be opened on the grounds of Sokolnichesky Carriage Repair and Construction Plant. It is to produce at least 500 e-buses per year.


Source: mos.ru

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