Dawn coloured mansion: Protection of Lobanov-Rostovsky’s house approved

November 4
Culture

The Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage has approved the protection of Prince Alexander Lobanov-Rostovsky’s former house. The Classicism 18th-19th century house is located at 43 Bldg. 1 Myasnitskaya Street. Surveyors determined the historical and artistic value of the facades and interior of the two-storey building with its cellar and loft.

The people who lived in 19th-century Moscow called it “the mansion the colour of dawn” due to its pink shade, the same as its walls have now.

The house is a federal cultural heritage site protected by the state.

“It is simply a wonderful building. Contrary to tradition, it is located far back inside the courtyard and even below street level. On the main facade we can see an arch on columns instead of a portico, which is traditional for Classicism. Besides this, there are a lot of remarkable moments when it comes to the history of this mansion. One good example, is the drawing school that opened here in 1825, which laid the foundation for the Stroganov School. Then in 1836, members of the Butenop family of mechanics and watchmakers bought the estate. The bells made at their factory were installed on the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin in 1852 and still chime today. In the 1870s, Liphart's factory, which produced agricultural machinery, cement, lime and alabaster, was located there. In 1913, they wanted to take down the building: it belonged to Velikan, a joint-stock house-owning and house-building society, which was going to build a multi-storey block of flats in its place. But fortunately these plans didn’t materialise,” explained Head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov.

After a thorough survey, the subject of the mansion’s protection was determined and approved. It includes its location and all the features that form its historical image.

Surveyors confirmed the facades’ value. For example, the main  one is adorned with an avant-corps shaped like an arch, with a semicircular window underneath. The arch is supported by columns and half-columns. All the walls of the house are framed with stucco decorations such as cornices, medallion rosettes and triangular pediments.

The interior decorations, floors covered with ceramic tiles and laminated panel parquet, were recognised as being of great value. The protection subject includes bas-reliefs, cornices and rosettes as well as columns and door and window slopes inside the house. Moreover, the tiled stoves and chandeliers of the early 19th century are also recognised as especially valuable.

Experts confirmed the value of the artistic decorations on the late 19th-century fence and gates. The list of valuable features also includes the gateposts and the intricate forged metal bars.

The mansion’s history dates back to the 1700s, when trader Fyodor Kozmin built stone chambers there. Between 1763 and 1767, General in Chief Pyotr Panin built two new wings and adorned the facades in a Baroque style. In 1791, the estate was bought by Prince Alexander Lobanov-Rostovsky. He conceived a major overhaul of the house. Some experts believe that the famous architect Matvey Kazakov drew up the design. Others think it was the architect Francesco Camporesi. After the reconstruction in 1799–1801, the house’s facades and interiors acquired a classic look that has survived to this day.

During the Soviet era, various offices were located in Lobanov-Rostovsky’s house. Today it houses a business centre. It was last done up almost 20 years ago.

Since 2011, about 1,500 cultural heritage sites have been renovated in Moscow, including 203 in 2019. Preserving and restoring Moscow architectural landmarks is an essential part of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage’s job. Approving the protection of landmarks makes it possible to systematise and describe their valuable features.

Source: mos.ru

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