Beaver dam and ancient burial mounds: What else can be found in Moscow parks?

December 16, 2020
Parks and pedestrian areas

All Moscow parks are unique. Mospriroda experts have compiled a list of the five most interesting places where visitors can take beautiful pictures and see unusual natural objects or animals.

Largest reed marsh

The Serebryany Bor natural landmark has the largest reed marsh in Moscow. It plays a key role in preserving biological diversity at the specially protected natural area. Rare birds can make an appearance on Bezdonnoye Lake: the common moorhen, tufted duck, common tern and other water and semi aquatic birds. The marsh can be found near Bldg 55/5/7 on Tamanskaya Sreet.

Peter the Great’s oak in Kuzminki-Lyublino

The Kuzminki-Lyubkino Museum and Reserve features an old common oak (coordinates 55.692243, 37.788658) also called Peter the Great’s oak. Legend has is that the tree was planted by the Russian emperor who was on a one-day visit to the Kuzminki estate. However, the oak is just about 200 years old. It is possible that it got its name because of a nearby monument devoted to Peter’s visit to the estate. The tree is 3.5 metres in diameter and 31 metres in height. There are other centuries-old oaks near the tree.

Beaver lodge and dam on Khimka River

Beavers have inhabited the Porkovskoye-Streshnev Natural and Historical Park for the past 13 years. A family of eight beavers occupies a 1.2-kilometre section of the Khimka River. On the right bank, they have built a lodge where they spend most of the day. Along the banks, they have dug several holes and channels to get around to their feeding grounds. Downstream, there is a massive dam which they built. The beavers are not afraid of people, they gladly come to the shore and pose for photos. The lodge and dam are located not far from Bldg 2/1 on Beregovaya Street.

Vyatich mounds in Bitsevsky forest

In Bitsevsky forest, there are Vyatich burial mounds dating back to the 11th-12th centuries (coordinates 55.601744, 37.573880). Long ago, this area was inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes, and in the 11th century, the Slavs came to live there, leaving behind burial mounds. The first villages appeared in the 13th century. The forest has several groups of mounds, one of them is located in the 18th section, to the south of the Gorodnya River.

Pond cascade on Chernushka River

A cascade of seven ponds is located on the Chernuska River in Porkovskoye-Streshnevo Natural and Historical Park (coordinates 55.819328, 37.482281). The name of the river (blackish in Russian) came about because its water is abundant in organic matter that makes it look black. The first ponds were created there in the second half of the 17th century, when the estate was owned by Rodion Streshnev. At the moment, there are many water and marsh plants growing there, such as lesser bulrush, sweet flag and yellow flag. One can also see rare birds such as tufted ducks, black-headed gulls and common moorhens.


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