An example of classicism in manor architecture: how an old house on Pogodinskaya street will be restored

October 22
Culture

The project for restoration of the old manor house at 22 Pogodinskaya street, building 1, is approved. It is a three-story brick building with plastered facades. It has extensions on three sides. Stairs are made in two extensions. The house dates back to the 19th century, and the manor land plot where the building is located was first mentioned in archival documents of the 18th century.

“The manor house in Pogodinskaya street is always attracting attention. It was built in the classical architectural style, and bears features of antiquity and the Renaissance. The house is symmetrical, decorated with a portico with pilasters of the Tuscan (or Doric) order, and triangular pediment. These and other details that form the historical appearance of the building, will be restored. Besides, specialists will have to put in order the basement, roof, walls, floors, windows and doors. It is also planned to recreate the enfilade layout,” said Alexei Yemelyanov, head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage.

The house has the status of a cultural heritage site of regional significance. Therefore, the project of works was thoroughly studied and approved by the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow, and its specialists will supervise the restoration.

The decoration of the house interiors survived mainly in the hall on the second floor. These are ceiling cornices with curly scallops, stucco rosettes, semicircular window with original wooden doors and a frame.

Under a small part of the building there is a basement with vaulted ceilings; similar ceilings also feature in some rooms on the ground floor. Most rooms on all floors now have modern false ceilings. Restorers speculate that they can hide preserved architectural decorations.

In general, the state of the site is assessed as satisfactory. But years did not spare some of its elements. The restorers will have to plaster the facades and paint them in a historical yellow color, recreate the lost pylons, eliminate defects in the basement and walls, restore stairs, roof, windows, gates with wickets, arrange the drainage system, insulate the attic, and cover the surfaces with protective compounds.

The manor house land plot that occupied an entire block between the Moskva River, Devichye Pole public garden and Yushkov (Maly Savvinsky) Lane, was formed in the second half of the 18th century. During the Napoleonic invasion, the quarter where the manor house was located was badly damaged by fires.

According to the document of 1813 "The case of granting benefits to various persons in the city of Moscow", the land plot of the manor house was owned by the court councilor widow Varvara Zhdanova, nee Rimskaya-Korsakova. She had "wooden house on a stone main floor... with four wooden special living quarters for servants, two carriage sheds, two stables, two barns, cellars and a cowshed," that burned down during the Napoleonic invasion. However, soon after, in1817, the land plot did not belong to her, and historians have yet to discover its owners.

According the local history literature of the early19th century, the owners of the manor house were the rich Yushkovs family, and the lane leading from the Devichye Pole to the Moskva River (now Maly Savvinsky lane) was named after their last name. The ruined Yushkovs probably sold the manor house to merchant S.A. Milyukov, who built a chintz factory here. The manor house changed owners many times, passing over from merchants to manufacturers.

The architectural ensemble was finally formed by the end of the 1830s. By 1838, the left wing was expanded and adapted for the owners' residence (now 22 Pogodinskaya Street, building 1). In fact, it was reconstructed into a residential building.

After the revolution, the building housed various institutions, including educational ones.

Moscow pays great attention to preservation of the historical heritage. All old buildings of cultural or historical value are carefully restored, to preserve their familiar appearance as much as possible. Restorers saved and restored 1,578 sites over the past 10 years. Restoration of other 100 sites will be completed by the end of the year.

Source: mos.ru

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