Amulets in the form of horse (konik), penny whistle and kumgan: archaeologists finds items of the 16th century

June 22

Moscow archaeologists have made another discovery. On the territory of the Moscow Imperial Educational House in Kitaygorodsky Proezd, they found eight artifacts of the 16th century.

The building’s foundation was laid in 1764 during Catherine II reign. For construction, they gave Vasilyevsky Meadow - a plot of land between Solyanka Street and the Moskva River. In the XVI century, it belonged to tsar Vasily III (1505-1533), the father of Ivan the Terrible. Most likely, the area was named after its owner. At the end of the 16th century, Vasilievsky Meadow became part of the White City. Experts suggest that the found household items belonged to local residents.

"Such artifacts are of great value for studying the life of Muscovites of that time. Now archaeologists have found six clay toys. These are horsemen and amulets in the form of horse, as well as a penny whistle in the form of a bird," Alexey Yemelyanov, Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow, commented.

In addition to the toys, a fragment (a spout with a jumper) of a black-polished ware kumgan was found. This is a water jug with a narrow neck, spout, handle and lid. Kumgan is a vessel for washing face and hands, peculiar to Asia. Such jugs were brought to Moscow by merchants; they were popular with the citizens. Their image can be found on engravings, whose subjects are devoted to princely feasts.

In addition, during archaeological research, experts found a fragment of a white stone tomb with ornaments and graffiti - letters scratched on the surface of the stone. Experts suggest that it was used in the construction of, for example, the foundation of a house. The re-use of stone tombs in the construction of structures was a common practice at that time.

Archaeologists will carefully study the artifacts found, restore them, and then hand over to the museum collections.

In Moscow the archaeological season began in June. It will last until the beginning of October. At this time, excavations, observations, and studies are carried out. In the new season, field activity is planned on more than 800 sites. Two-thirds of them are located on the territory of TiNAO (Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative districts).

Preservation of finds is an important part of the Moscow archaeologists work. The process is divided into two stages. During the laboratory investigation, the soil is removed. The restoration itself can take from a week to several years (depending on the complexity of the artifact and its condition). Last year, more than 15 thousand artifacts were found in Moscow.


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